Link to U.S. Geological Survey home page.

In cooperation with the Texas Water Development Board and
the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department

Database of Historically Documented Springs and Spring Flow Measurements in Texas

By Franklin T. Heitmuller and Brian D. Reece

U.S. Geological Survey
Open-File Report 03–315

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Project Summary pdf file (298 KB)

zipped report files (1.47MB)



Purpose and Scope





1.   Locations of springs in Texas


Springs are naturally occurring features that convey excess ground water to the land surface; they represent a transition from ground water to surface water. Water issues through one opening, multiple openings, or numerous seeps in the rock or soil.

The database of this report provides information about springs and spring flow in Texas including spring names, identification numbers, location, and, if available, water source and use. This database does not include every spring in Texas, but is limited to an aggregation of selected digital and hard-copy data of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), the Texas Water Development Board (TWDB), and Capitol Environmental Services.

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