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U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY
Open-File Report 03-371

Computational Technique and Performance of Transient Inundation Model for Rivers--2 Dimensional (TRIM2RD): A Depth-Averaged Two-Dimensional Flow Model

By Janice M. Fulford

ABSTRACT

A numerical computer model, Transient Inundation Model for Rivers -- 2 Dimensional (TrimR2D), that solves the two-dimensional depth-averaged flow equations is documented and discussed. The model uses a semi-implicit, semi-Lagrangian finite-difference method. It is a variant of the Trim model and has been used successfully in estuarine environments such as San Francisco Bay. The abilities of the model are documented for three scenarios: uniform depth flows, laboratory dam-break flows, and large-scale riverine flows. The model can start computations from a “dry” bed and converge to accurate solutions. Inflows are expressed as source terms, which limits the use of the model to sufficiently long reaches where the flow reaches equilibrium with the channel. The data sets used by the investigation demonstrate that the model accurately propagates flood waves through long river reaches and simulates dam breaks with abrupt water-surface changes.

CONTENTS

Abstract
Introduction
Governing Equations
Model Performance
Summary and Conclusions
References
Appendix A. File Specifications for Model Input and Output Files

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Send questions or comments about this report to the author, Janice M. Fulford, (228) 688-1501 or Joseph L. Jones, (253) 428-3600 X2684

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