USGS LOGO

In cooperation with the Houston-Galveston Area Council and
the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality

 

Hydrologic, Water-Quality, and Biological Data for Three Water Bodies, Texas Gulf Coastal Plain, 2000–2002

 

By Jeffery W. East and Jennifer L. Hogan

 

U.S. Geological Survey
Open-File Report 03–459


Document Accessibility: Adobe Systems Incorporated has information about PDFs and the visually impaired. This information provides tools to help make PDF files accessible. These tools convert Adobe PDF documents into HTML or ASCII text, which then can be read by a number of common screen-reading programs that synthesize text as audible speech. In addition, an accessible version of Acrobat Reader 5.0 for Windows (English only), which contains support for screen readers, is available. These tools and the accessible reader may be obtained free from Adobe at http://access.adobe.com/.

pdf (2.01 MB)


Contents

Abstract

Introduction

Purpose and Scope

Description of Water Bodies

Dickinson Bayou

Armand Bayou

San Bernard River

Acknowledgments

Data Collection

Hydrologic Data

Water-Quality Data

Continuously Monitored Water-Quality Properties

Periodically Collected Water-Quality Properties and Constituents

Biological Data

Hydrologic Data

Water-Quality Data

Continuously Monitored Water-Quality Properties

Periodically Collected Water-Quality Properties and Constituents

Nutrients

Chlorophyll-a and Pheophytin

Indicator Bacteria

Nutrient Yields

Biological Data

Fish Data

Benthic Macroinvertebrate Data

Habitat Data

Summary

References



Figures

1–3.  Maps showing location of:
   1.  Dickinson Bayou, Armand Bayou, and San Bernard River, Texas Gulf Coastal Plain, and rain gages in the area
   2.  Sampling stations in Dickinson and Armand Bayous, Texas Gulf Coastal Plain, 2000–2002
   3.  Sampling stations in San Bernard River and three tributaries, Texas Gulf Coastal Plain, 2000–2002
4.  Graphs showing rainfall at (a) National Weather Service station, League City, Texas, and (b) National Atmospheric Deposition Program station, Attwater Prairie Chicken National Wildlife Refuge near Sealy, Texas, July 2000–September 2002
5.  Hydrographs showing daily mean gage height and time of water-quality sampling at (a) station 08077647 Dickinson Bayou at State Highway 3, Dickinson, Texas, and (b) station 293546095052701 Armand Bayou at Bay Area Boulevard, Pasadena, Texas, July 2000–September 2001
6.  Hydrographs showing daily mean discharge and time of water-quality sampling at station 08117500 San Bernard River near Boling, Texas, July 2000–September 2002
7–25.  Boxplots showing:
   7.  Distribution of continuously recorded (15-minute interval) water temperature in (a) Dickinson Bayou, (b) Armand Bayou, and (c) the San Bernard River, Texas Gulf Coastal Plain, November 2000–August 2001
   8.  Distribution of continuously recorded (15-minute interval) specific conductance in (a) Dickinson Bayou, (b) Armand Bayou, and (c) the San Bernard River, Texas Gulf Coastal Plain, November 2000–August 2001
   9.  Distribution of continuously recorded (15-minute interval) pH in (a) Dickinson Bayou, (b) Armand Bayou, and (c) the San Bernard River, Texas Gulf Coastal Plain, November 2000–August 2001
   10.  Distribution of continuously recorded (15-minute interval) dissolved oxygen in (a) Dickinson Bayou, (b) Armand Bayou, and (c) the San Bernard River, Texas Gulf Coastal Plain, November 2000–August 2001
   11.  Distribution of continuously recorded (15-minute interval) (a) water temperature, (b) specific conductance, (c) pH, and (d) dissolved oxygen at three depths in Dickinson Bayou, Texas Gulf Coastal Plain, December 2000–August 2001
   12.  Distribution of periodically collected (a) ammonia nitrogen, (b) ammonia plus organic nitrogen, (c) nitrite plus nitrate nitrogen, and (d) orthophosphorus concentrations in Dickinson Bayou, Armand Bayou, and the San Bernard River, Texas Gulf Coastal Plain, 2000–2002
   13.  Distribution of periodically collected (a) ammonia nitrogen, (b) ammonia plus organic nitrogen, (c) nitrite plus nitrate nitrogen, and (d) orthophosphorus concentrations during high- and low-flow conditions in Dickinson Bayou, Armand Bayou, and the San Bernard River, Texas Gulf Coastal Plain, 2000–2002
   14.  Seasonal distribution of periodically collected (a) ammonia nitrogen, (b) ammonia plus organic nitrogen, (c) nitrite plus nitrate nitrogen, and (d) orthophosphorus concentrations in Dickinson Bayou, Armand Bayou, and the San Bernard River, Texas Gulf Coastal Plain, 2000–2002
   15.  Distribution of periodically collected (a) chlorophyll-a and (b) pheophytin concentrations in Dickinson Bayou, Armand Bayou, and the San Bernard River, Texas Gulf Coastal Plain, 2000–2002
   16.  Distribution of periodically collected (a) chlorophyll-a and (b) pheophytin concentrations during high- and low-flow conditions in Dickinson Bayou, Armand Bayou, and the San Bernard River, Texas Gulf Coastal Plain, 2000–2002
   17.  Seasonal distribution of periodically collected (a) chlorophyll-a and (b) pheophytin concentrations in Dickinson Bayou, Armand Bayou, and the San Bernard River, Texas Gulf Coastal Plain, 2000–2002
   18.  Distribution of periodically collected (a) fecal coliform bacteria and (b) E. coli bacteria densities in Dickinson Bayou, Armand Bayou, and the San Bernard River, Texas Gulf Coastal Plain, 2000–2002
   19.  Distribution of periodically collected (a) fecal coliform bacteria and (b) E. coli bacteria densities during high- and low-flow conditions in Dickinson Bayou, Armand Bayou, and the San Bernard River, Texas Gulf Coastal Plain, 2000–2002
   20.  Seasonal distribution of periodically collected (a) fecal coliform bacteria and (b) E. coli bacteria densities in Dickinson Bayou, Armand Bayou, and the San Bernard River, Texas Gulf Coastal Plain, 2000–2002
   21.  Yields of periodically collected ammonia nitrogen for selected sites in (a) Dickinson Bayou, (b) Armand Bayou, and (c) the San Bernard River, Texas Gulf Coastal Plain, July 1999–September 2001
   22.  Yields of periodically collected ammonia plus organic nitrogen for selected sites in (a) Dickinson Bayou, (b) Armand Bayou, and (c) the San Bernard River, Texas Gulf Coastal Plain, July 1999–September 2001
  23.  Yields of periodically collected nitrite plus nitrate nitrogen for selected sites in (a) Dickinson Bayou, (b) Armand Bayou, and (c) the San Bernard River, Texas Gulf Coastal Plain, July 1999–September 2001
   24.  Yields of periodically collected orthophosphorus for selected sites in (a) Dickinson Bayou, (b) Armand Bayou, and (c) the San Bernard River, Texas Gulf Coastal Plain, July 1999–September 2001
   25.  Yields of periodically collected (a) ammonia nitrogen, (b) ammonia plus organic nitrogen, (c) nitrite plus nitrate nitrogen, and (d) orthophosphorus during high-flow (above base flow) and low-flow (base flow) conditions in Dickinson Bayou, Armand Bayou, and the San Bernard River, Texas Gulf Coastal Plain, 2000–2002

Tables

1.  Data-collection sites in Dickinson Bayou, Armand Bayou, and San Bernard River, Texas Gulf Coastal Plain, 2000–2002
2.  Laboratories responsible for analyses of samples collected from Dickinson Bayou, Armand Bayou, and San Bernard River, Texas Gulf Coastal Plain, 2000–2002
3.  Biological sampling frequency in Dickinson Bayou, Armand Bayou, and San Bernard River, Texas Gulf Coastal Plain
4.  Periodically collected water-quality properties and constituents at six sites in Dickinson Bayou, July 2000–August 2001
5.  Periodically collected water-quality properties and constituents at four sites in Armand Bayou, August 2000–July 2001
6.  Periodically collected water-quality properties and constituents at six sites in the San Bernard River, January 2001–August 2002
7.  Screening levels for selected nutrients
8.  Fish species collected in Dickinson Bayou, Texas Gulf Coastal Plain, 2000–2001
9.  Fish species collected in Armand Bayou, Texas Gulf Coastal Plain, 2000–2001
10.  Fish taxa and counts of individual fish collected in the San Bernard River, Texas Gulf Coastal Plain, 2000–2002
11.  Fish community data (metrics) for sites in Dickinson Bayou, Armand Bayou, and the San Bernard River, Texas Gulf Coastal Plain, 2000–2002
12.  Benthic macroinvertebrate taxa and counts of individual taxa collected in the San Bernard River, Texas Gulf Coastal Plain, 2000–2002
13.  Benthic macroinvertebrate data (metrics) for sites in Dickinson Bayou, Armand Bayou, and the San Bernard River, Texas Gulf Coastal Plain, 2000–2001
14.  Physical-habitat data for stream reaches at sites in the San Bernard River, Texas Gulf Coastal Plain, 2000–2001

VERTICAL DATUM

Vertical coordinate information is referenced to the National Geodetic Vertical Datum of 1929 (NGVD 29).


Abstract

During July 2000–September 2002, the U.S. Geological Survey collected and analyzed site-specific hydrologic, water-quality, and biological data in Dickinson Bayou, Armand Bayou, and the San Bernard River in the Gulf Coastal Plain of Texas. Segments of the three water bodies are on the State 303(d) list. Continuous monitoring showed that seasonal variations in water temperature, specific conductance, pH, and dissolved oxygen in all three water bodies were similar to those observed at U.S. Geological Survey stations along the Texas Gulf Coast. In particular, water temperature and dissolved oxygen are inversely related. Periods of smallest dissolved oxygen concentrations generally occurred in the summer months when water temperatures were highest. Water-quality monitors were deployed at three depths in Dickinson Bayou. For periodically collected nutrients, the median concentration of ammonia nitrogen was largest in Dickinson Bayou and smallest in the San Bernard River. Median concentrations of ammonia plus organic nitrogen, nitrite plus nitrate nitrogen, and orthophosphorus were largest in Armand Bayou. The median concentration of each of the four nutrients was larger for high-flow samples than for low-flow samples. The largest individual nutrient concentrations occurred during spring and summer. Both median and individual concentrations of chlorophyll-a were largest for Armand Bayou; median concentrations of pheophyton were similar for all three water bodies, and individual concentrations were largest for Armand Bayou. Median densities of fecal coliform bacteria and E. coli bacteria were similar for all three water bodies. Flow conditions had minimal effect on concentrations of chlorophyll-a and pheophytin, but the largest bacteria densities were in samples collected during high flow. Yields of most nutrients tended to increase with distance downstream. Yields in the San Bernard River and tributaries were less than yields in Dickinson and Armand Bayous. For Dickinson and Armand Bayous, the most individuals and species of fish were collected at the most downstream main stem site; for the San Bernard River, the fewest individuals and species of fish were collected at the most downstream main stem site.

 



U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey
Persistent URL:
Page Contact Information: Contact USGS
Last modified: Sunday, January 13 2013, 12:02:06 AM
FirstGov button  Take Pride in America button