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Coastal Vulnerability Assessment of Olympic National Park to Sea-Level Rise, USGS Open-File Report 2004-1021

Map of Coastal Vulnerability

Skip past contents informationTable of Contents link to Title Page Link to Abstract Page Link to Introduction Page Link to Data Ranking Page Link to Olympic National Park Page Link to Methology Page Link to Geologic Variables Page Lilnk to Physical Process Variables Page Link to Calculating the Vulnerability Index Page Link to Results Page Link to Discussion Page Link to Conclusions Page Link to References Page

DATA RANKING SYSTEM

Table 1 shows the six variables described in the Introduction, which include both quantitative and qualitative information. Actual variable values are assigned a vulnerability ranking based on value ranges, whereas the non-numerical geomorphology variable is ranked qualitatively according to the relative resistance of a given landform to erosion. Shorelines with erosion/accretion rates between -1.0 and +1.0 m/yr are ranked as moderately vulnerable with increasingly higher rates of erosion or accretion given correspondingly higher or lower vulnerability rankings. Regional coastal slopes range from very high vulnerability, <4.56 percent to very low vulnerability at values > 14.7 percent. The rate of relative sea-level change is ranked using the modern rate of eustatic rise (1.8 mm/yr) as very low vulnerability. Since this is a global or "background" rate common to all shorelines, the sea-level rise ranking reflects primarily local to regional isostatic or tectonic adjustment. Mean wave height rankings range from very low (<1.1 m) to very high (>2.6 m). Tidal range is ranked such that microtidal (<1 m) coasts have very high vulnerability and macrotidal (>6 m) coasts have very low vulnerability.



Table 1: Ranges for Vulnerability Ranking of Variables on the Pacific Coast.

   Variables Very Low
1
Low
2
Moderate
3
High
4
Very High
5
GEOMORPHOLOGY Rocky cliffed coasts, Fjords Medium cliffs, Indented coasts Low cliffs, Glacial drift, Alluvial plains Cobble Beaches, Estuary, Lagoon Barrier beaches, Sand beaches, Salt marsh, Mud flats, Deltas, Mangrove, Coral reefs
SHORELINE EROSION/ACCRETION (m/yr) > 2.0 1.0 - 2.0
-1.0 - 1.0
-2.0 - -1.0
< -2.0
COASTAL SLOPE (%) > 14.7 10.9 - 14.65
7.75 - 10.85
4.6 - 7.7
< 4.56
RELATIVE SEA-LEVEL CHANGE (mm/yr) < 1.8
1.8 - 2.5
2.5 - 3.0
3.0 - 3.4
> 3.4
MEAN WAVE HEIGHT (m) < 1.1
1.1 - 2.0
2.0 - 2.25
2.25 - 2.60
> 2.6
MEAN TIDE RANGE (m) > 6.0
4.0 - 6.0
2.0 - 4.0
1.0 - 2.0
< 1.0

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