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U.S. Department of the Interior
U.S. Geological Survey


In cooperation with the State of Michigan, Department of Environmental Quality

Summary of Recovered Historical Ground-Water-Level Data for Michigan, 19342005

U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2006-1057

By Cassaundra L. Cornett, Suzanne L. Crowley, Rose M. McGowan, Stephen P. Blumer, and Howard W. Reeves


The full report is available in Adobe Acrobat® Portable Document Format (PDF). You will need Adobe Acrobat Reader®, version 5 or higher, to view or print the PDF documents. If you don't already have this free viewing software or need to upgrade your version, download Adobe Acrobat Reader®. Users with visual disabilities can visit for conversion tools and information to help make PDF files accessible. The PDF files are large, and may take a long time to download. If you have trouble downloading the files, you may request a copy of the report from USGS Maps and Publications.


This report documents ground-water-level data-recovery efforts performed by the USGS Michigan Water Science Center and provides nearly three-hundred hydrographs generated from these recovered data. Data recovery is the process of verifying and transcribing data from paper files into the USGS National Water Information System (NWIS) electronic databases appropriate for ground-water-level data. Entering these data into the NWIS databases makes them more useful for USGS analysis and also makes them available to the public through the internet.



Cornett, C.L., Crowley, S.L., McGowan, R.M., Blumer, S.P., and Reeves, H.W., 2006, Summary of recovered historical ground-waterlevel data for Michigan, 19342005: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 20061057, 369 p.




Data Recovery

Water-Level-Summary Plots

Period-of-Record Plots

Water-Year-Summary Plots

Well-Identification Convention

Data Presentation

References Cited

Appendix 1. Well Name and Location for Wells with Recovered Hydrographs

Appendix 2. Recovered Hydrographs, by County


1. Diagram showing well-naming system used in Michigan showing nearest 2.5-acre subsection to well designated 45N 19W 25BDDC 01 Alger (Kentucky CCC)



Glazebrook, Karl, 2000, PGPLOT-2.18:Computer software (PERL module), accessed December 5, 2005, at

Huffman, G.C., and Whited, C.R., 1993, Ground-water data for Michigan, 1990: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 92114, 51 p.

Michigan State Legislature, 2003, Act No. 148 of Public Acts of 2003:Michigan State Legislature, 92nd, 5 p., accessed December 5, 2005, at

Pearson, T.J., 2002, PGPLOT Graphics Subroutine Library:California Institute of Technology, computer software, last accessed December 5, 2005, at

For further information, contact:


U.S. Geological Survey

Michigan Water Science Center

6520 Mercantile Way, Suite 5

Lansing, MI 48911-5991


or visit our Web site at:

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