By Robert W. Dudley and Charles W. Schalk
U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2006-1098
AVAILABLE ONLINE ONLY
The body of the report is available in PDF Format ( 1,907 KB)
This report was prepared by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Maine Water Science Center as the deliverable for scoping of flood hazard mapping needs for Cumberland County, Maine, under Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) Inter-Agency Agreement Number HSFE01-05-X-0018. This section of the report explains the objective of the task and the purpose of the report.
The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) developed a plan in 1997 to modernize the FEMA flood mapping program. FEMA flood maps delineate flood hazard areas in support of the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP). FEMA's plan outlined the steps necessary to update FEMA's flood maps for the nation to a seamless digital format and streamline FEMA's operations in raising public awareness of the importance of the maps and responding to requests to revise them. The modernization of flood maps involves conversion of existing information to digital format and integration of improved flood hazard data as needed. To determine flood mapping modernization needs, FEMA has established specific scoping activities to be done on a county-by-county basis for identifying and prioritizing requisite flood-mapping activities for map modernization. The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), in cooperation with FEMA and the Maine State Planning Office Floodplain Management Program, began scoping work in 2005 for Cumberland County. Scoping activities included assembling existing data and map needs information for communities in Cumberland County, documentation of data, contacts, community meetings, and prioritized mapping needs in a final scoping report (this document), and updating the Mapping Needs Update Support System (MNUSS) Database or its successor with information gathered during the scoping process.
The average age of the FEMA floodplain maps in Cumberland County, Maine is 21 years. Most of these studies were in the early to mid 1980s. However, in the ensuing 20-25 years, development has occurred in many of the watersheds, and the characteristics of the watersheds have changed with time. Therefore, many of the older studies may not depict current conditions nor accurately estimate risk in terms of flood heights.
The following is the scope of work as defined in the FEMA/USGS Statement of Work:
Task 1: Collect data from a variety of sources including community surveys, other Federal and State Agencies, National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) State Coordinators, Community Assistance Visits (CAVs) and FEMA archives. Lists of mapping needs will be obtained from the MNUSS database, community surveys, and CAVs, if available. FEMA archives will be inventoried for effective FIRM panels, FIS reports, and other flood-hazard data or existing study data. Best available base map information, topographic data, flood-hazard data, and hydrologic and hydraulic data will be identified. Data from the Maine Floodplain Management Program database also will be utilized.
Task 2: Contact communities in Cumberland County to notify them that FEMA and the State have selected them for a map update, and that a project scope will be developed with their input. Topics to be reviewed with the communities include (1) Purpose of the Flood Map Project (for example, the update needs that have prompted the map update); (2) The community's mapping needs; (3) The community's available mapping, hydrologic, hydraulic, and flooding information; (4) target schedule for completing the project; and (5) The community's engineering, planning, and geographic information system (GIS) capabilities.
On the basis of the collected information from Task 1 and community contacts/meetings in Task 2, the USGS will develop a Draft Project Scope for the identified mapping needs of the communities in Cumberland County. The following items will be addressed in the Draft Project Scope: review of available information, determine if and how effective FIS data can be used in new project, and identify other data needed to complete the Project and its source. The Draft Project Scope will establish priority levels for flooding sources to be analyzed and mapped, and estimate schedules and associated costs for completion of the components of flood mapping.
The following subject areas are documented in this report as set forth in the statement of work: available flood-mapping-related data and documented mapping needs, community meetings and contacts, scope and prioritization of mapping needs, and project methods. Scoping-level time and costs for identified mapping needs will be provided as a document separate from this report. The appendix section of this report provides a community by community summary of information obtained and used in the scoping process for all 27 communities in Cumberland County that have Flood Insurance Rate Maps (FIRMs) and (or) Flood Insurance Studies (FISs).
Section 1. Introduction
Scope of Work
Description of Cumberland County
Section 2. Available Flood-Mapping Data and Mapping Needs
Community FISs and FIRMs
State of Maine Best Available Data (BAD) for Unnumbered A-Zones
Letters of Map Change (LOMCs)
LOMCs in Cumberland County
Community Flood Ordinances
Mapping Needs Update Support System (MNUSS)
Community Assistance Visits (CAVs) and Community Assessment Contacts (CACs)
Base Map Data
Community GIS Contact Information
Community Meetings and Contacts
Scope and Prioritization of Mapping Needs in Cumberland County
Prioritized Mapping Needs and Scopes
Project Time and Costs for Identified Mapping Needs
Section 3. Options for Future Mapping and DTM Preparation
Digital Terrain Models (DTMs)
Flood-Insurance Risk Zones
Section 4. References Cited
Appendix A: Community Contacts and Best Available Data: Cumberland County
Appendix B: Community Scoping Interview Data: Cumberland County
Appendix C: Existing MNUSS Data Entries: Cumberland County
Appendix D: Attachments 263
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For further information, contact:
U.S. Geological Survey
Maine Water Science Center
196 Whitten Road
Augusta, ME 04330
or visit our Web site at: http://me.water.usgs.gov
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Last modified: Saturday, January 12 2013, 09:07:47 PM