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Open-File Report 2009-1079

Social and Economic Considerations for Coastal and Watershed Restoration in the Puget Sound, Washington: A Literature Review

By Holly M. Stinchfield, Lynne Koontz, and Natalie R. Sexton

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This literature review summarizes and synthesizes the available information regarding the impacts of socioeconomic factors on coastal and watershed restoration in the Puget Sound, Wash. Major topic areas which are explored include: institutions and restoration; beliefs, behaviors, and knowledge about restoration and the environment; stakeholder involvement in restoration, communication of restoration issues, and economic issues in restoration. The review revealed that socioeconomic factors play an important role in determining the designation, process, and success of restoration projects. Socioeconomic factors can facilitate or obstruct restoration, but few large-scale restoration projects emphasize them in either prioritization or monitoring procedures. Additionally, there are substantial gaps in the literature regarding restoration in the Puget Sound across all of the topics addressed in this review. The lack of research makes it difficult to provide a holistic view of the social and economic dimensions of restoration in the Sound but provides opportunity for future research.

First posted June 2, 2009

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Suggested citation:

Stinchfield, H.M., Koontz, L., and Sexton, N.R., 2008, Social and economic considerations for coastal and watershed restoration in the Puget Sound, Washington—A Literature Review: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009–1079, 78 p.



Executive Summary


Socioeconomic Factors Related to Restoration in the Puget Sound

Incorporating Socioeconomic Factors into Restoration Decisionmaking

Research Needs


References Cited

Annotated Bibliography


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