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Open-File Report 2009-1213

Mississippi Valley-Type Lead-Zinc Deposit Model

By David L. Leach and Ryan D. Taylor


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Mississippi Valley-type (MVT) lead-zinc (Pb+Zn) deposits are found throughout the world, and these deposits are characteristically distributed over hundreds of square kilometers that define individual ore districts. The median size of individual MVT deposits is 7.0 million tonnes with grades of about 7.9 percent Pb+Zn metal. However, MVT deposits usually occur in extensive districts consisting of several to as many as 400 deposits. Nearly one-quarter of the world's sedimentary and volcanic rock-hosted Pb+Zn resources are found in these deposits, with by-product commodities including silver (Ag), copper (Cu), and indium (In) for some deposits. Environmentally, MVT deposits are less of a concern than other types of mineral deposits since the carbonate-host rocks mitigate many environmental concerns.

First posted September 29, 2009

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Suggested citation:

Leach, D.L., Taylor, R.D., 2009, Mississippi Valley-type lead-zinc deposit model: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009-1213, 5 p.


Mississippi Valley-Type Lead-Zinc Deposit Model

References Cited

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