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Open-File Report 2010–1103

Prepared in cooperation with the Department of the Navy, U.S. Marine Corps

Groundwater Level and Specific Conductance Monitoring at Marine Corps Base, Camp Lejeune, Onslow County, North Carolina, 2007–2008

By Kristen Bukowski McSwain

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The U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the Marine Corps Base, Camp Lejeune, monitored water-resources conditions in the surficial, Castle Hayne, Peedee, and Black Creek aquifers in Onslow County, North Carolina, from November 2007 through September 2008. To comply with North Carolina Central Coastal Plain Capacity Use Area regulations, large-volume water suppliers in Onslow County must reduce their dependency on the Black Creek aquifer as a water-supply source and have, instead, proposed using the Castle Hayne aquifer as an alternative water-supply source. The Marine Corps Base, Camp Lejeune, uses water obtained from the unregulated surficial and Castle Hayne aquifers for drinking-water supply.

Water-level data were collected and field measurements of physical properties were made at 19 wells at 8 locations spanning the Marine Corps Base, Camp Lejeune. These wells were instrumented with near real-time monitoring equipment to collect hourly measurements of water level. Additionally, specific conductance and water temperature were measured hourly in 16 of the 19 wells. Graphs are presented relating altitude of groundwater level to water temperature and specific conductance measurements collected during the study, and the relative vertical gradients between aquifers are discussed. The period-of-record normal (25th to 75th percentile) monthly mean groundwater levels at two well clusters were compared to median monthly mean groundwater levels at these same well clusters for 2008 to determine groundwater-resources conditions. In 2008, water levels were below normal in the 3 wells at one of the well clusters and were normal in 4 wells at the other cluster.

First posted August 4, 2010

For additional information contact:
Director, North Carolina Water Science Center
3916 Sunset Ridge Road
Raleigh, NC 27607

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Suggested citation:

McSwain, K.B., 2010, Groundwater level and specific conductance monitoring at Marine Corps Base, Camp Lejeune, Onslow County, North Carolina, 2007–2008: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2010–1103, 185 p.




Purpose and Scope

Well Numbering System

Groundwater-Resources Activities, Water Year 2008

Groundwater-Resources Conditions, Water Year 2008

Vertical Gradients

Comparison of Water Levels in Water Year 2008 to Previous Years


References Cited


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