Skip Links

USGS - science for a changing world

Open-File Report 2010-1131

Historical Zinc Smelting in New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Virginia, West Virginia, and Washington, D.C., with Estimates of Atmospheric Zinc Emissions and Other Materials

By Donald I. Bleiwas and Carl DiFrancesco

Thumbnail of cover and link to download report PDF (4.2 MB)

The metallurgical industry can be broadly divided into metal production from feedstock consisting of primary and secondary sources. Primary production refers to the extraction of metal derived from ores and concentrates. Secondary production refers to the recovery of metal from materials such as alloys, electric arc furnace dust, ingots, and scrap. The foci of this study are the histories of selected pyrometallurgical plants that treated mostly primary zinc feedstock and the atmospheric emissions, primarily zinc, generated by those plants during the course of producing zinc and zinc oxide in New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Virginia, West Virginia, and Washington, D.C.

First posted July 7, 2010

For additional information contact:

Director, National Minerals
Information Center
U.S. Geological Survey
988 National Center
Reston, VA 20192

Part or all of this report is presented in Portable Document Format (PDF); the latest version of Adobe Reader or similar software is required to view it. Download the latest version of Adobe Reader, free of charge.

Suggested citation:

Bleiwas, D.I., DiFrancesco, C., 2010, Historical zinc smelting in New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Virginia, West Virginia, and Washington, D.C., with estimates of atmospheric zinc emissions and other materials: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2010–1131, 189 p.


Executive Summary

Study Area and Smelter Site Locations

Synopsis of Historical Zinc Smelting in the Study Area


Summary of Atmospheric Fugitive and Stack Emission Estimates


References Cited

Appendix 1. Types of Smelter Feedstock and Applied Technologies

Appendix 2. Profile Reports of Zinc Smelters

Accessibility FOIA Privacy Policies and Notices

Take Pride in America logo logo U.S. Department of the Interior | U.S. Geological Survey
Page Contact Information: GS Pubs Web Contact
Page Last Modified: Wednesday, 07-Dec-2016 22:34:27 EST