U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2010-1174
Carbon dioxide is a dangerous volcanic gas. When carbon dioxide seeps from the ground, it normally mixes with the air and dissipates rapidly. However, because carbon dioxide gas is heavier than air, it can collect in snowbanks, depressions, and poorly ventilated enclosures posing a potential danger to people and other living things. In this experiment we show how carbon dioxide gas displaces oxygen as it collects in low-lying areas. When carbon dioxide, created by mixing vinegar and baking soda, is added to a bowl with candles of different heights, the flames are extinguished as if by magic.
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Venezky Dina, and Wessells, Stephen, 2010, Carbon dioxide dangers demonstration model: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2010-1174 (video).