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Open-File Report 2010–1300

Framework for Ecological Monitoring on Lands of the Alaska National Wildlife Refuges and Their Partners

By Andrea Woodward and Erik A. Beever

Thumbnail of and link to report PDF (6 MB)Executive Summary

National Wildlife Refuges in Alaska and throughout the U.S. have begun developing a spatially comprehensive monitoring program to inform management decisions, and to provide data to broader research projects. In an era of unprecedented rates of climate change, monitoring is essential to detecting, understanding, communicating and mitigating climate-change effects on refuge and other resources under the protection of U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, and requires monitoring results to address spatial scales broader than individual refuges. This document provides guidance for building a monitoring program for refuges in Alaska that meets refuge-specific management needs while also allowing synthesis and summary of ecological conditions at the ecoregional and statewide spatial scales.

First posted December 8, 2010

For additional information contact:
Director, Alaska Science Center
U.S. Geological Survey
4210 University Drive
Anchorage, Alaska 99508

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Suggested citation:

Woodward, Andrea, and Beever, E.A., 2010, Framework for ecological monitoring on lands of Alaska National Wildlife Refuges and their partners, Anchorage, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2010-1300, 94 p.


Executive Summary

Chapter 1. Context for Developing Broad-Scale Monitoring for Alaska NWRs

Chapter 2. Programmatic and Monitoring Objectives for Alaska NWRs

Chapter 3. Developing Monitoring Program Strategy and Structure

Chapter 4. Identifying Monitoring Indicators

Chapter 5. Sample Design Considerations

Chapter 6. Building Blocks for Alaska NWRs Monitoring Program

Chapter 7. Road Map for Developing Monitoring Plan

Chapter 8. Conclusions


References Cited

Appendix 1. Summary of National Park Service Inventory and Monitoring Program

Appendix 2. Summary of Inventory and Monitoring Program of Parks Canada

Appendix 3. Summary of Forest Inventory and Assessment Program

Appendix 4. Summary of National Aquatic Resources Surveys

Appendix 5. Summary of United Kingdom Countryside Survey

Appendix 6. Summary of Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program

Appendix 7. Summary of Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Network

Appendix 8. Example Criteria and Weights for Ranking Indicators and Attributes

Appendix 9. Ecological Monitoring Across Refuges

Appendix 10. Monitoring Efforts by USFWS Programs Other than NWRS

Appendix 11. Monitoring in Alaska by Agencies Other than USFWS

Appendix 12. List of ecosystem components and processes monitored on U.S. National Park Service lands, within each of four Inventory and Monitoring Networks in Alaska

Appendix 13. Notes from Manager’s Breakout Group at Forum on Ecoregional Monitoring for the NWRS and Other Public Lands across Alaska

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