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U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2012–1107

Sulfur Dioxide Emission Rates from Kīlauea Volcano, Hawai‘i, 2007–2010

By T. Elias and A.J. Sutton

Thumbnail of and link to report PDF (5.5 MB)Abstract

Kīlauea Volcano has one of the longest running volcanic sulfur dioxide (SO2) emission rate databases on record. Sulfur dioxide emission rates from Kīlauea Volcano were first measured by Stoiber and Malone (1975) and have been measured on a regular basis since 1979 (Elias and Sutton, 2007, and references within). Compilations of SO2 emission-rate and wind-vector data from 1979 through 2006 are available on the USGS Web site (Elias and others, 1998; Elias and Sutton, 2002; Elias and Sutton, 2007). This report updates the database, documents the changes in data collection and processing methods, and highlights how SO2 emissions have varied with eruptive activity at Kīlauea Volcano for the interval 2007–2010.

  • This report is available only on the Web.

For additional information:
Contact HVO
Volcano Science Center, Hawaiian Volcano Observatory
U.S. Geological Survey
P.O. Box 51, 1 Crater Rim Road
Hawaii National Park, HI 96718-0051

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Suggested citation:

Elias, T., and Sutton, A.J., 2012, Sulfur dioxide emission rates from Kīlauea Volcano, Hawai‘i, 2007–2010: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2012–1107, 25 p. (Available at




Methods and uncertainties


References Cited

five spreadsheet tables

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