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Open-File Report 2013–1272

Mineral Resources Program

Compilation of Gallium Resource Data for Bauxite Deposits

By Ruth F. Schulte and Nora K. Foley

Thumbnail of and link to report PDF (418 KB)Abstract

Gallium (Ga) concentrations for bauxite deposits worldwide have been compiled from the literature to provide a basis for research regarding the occurrence and distribution of Ga worldwide, as well as between types of bauxite deposits. In addition, this report is an attempt to bring together reported Ga concentration data into one database to supplement ongoing U.S. Geological Survey studies of critical mineral resources.

The compilation of Ga data consists of location, deposit size, bauxite type and host rock, development status, major oxide data, trace element (Ga) data and analytical method(s) used to derive the data, and tonnage values for deposits within bauxite provinces and districts worldwide. The range in Ga concentrations for bauxite deposits worldwide is <10 to 812 parts per million (ppm), with an average of 57 ppm. Gallium concentrations in lateritic bauxites range from below detection (< 8 ppm) to 146 ppm; the average concentration is 57 ppm Ga. The average Ga concentration for karst bauxite deposits is 58 ppm with a range between <10 to 180 ppm Ga. As a result, there are no substantial differences in gallium concentrations between karst- and laterite-type bauxites. We calculate the range in geologically available Ga in bauxite deposits worldwide between 30 and 82,720 metric tons (t), with an average of 14,909 t.

First posted June 3, 2014

  • Table (Zip File) XLS (171 KB)
    This zip file contains three tables.

    Table 1. Compilation of gallium concentrations in global bauxite deposits, with location, deposit size, major oxide  data, and tonnage values provided.

    Table 2. Ranges and averages of gallium concentrations and calculated tonnages in the major bauxite provinces worldwide, plus average alumina and average total tonnages for deposits.

    Table 3. Ranges and averages of gallium concentrations and calculated tonnages for the major bauxite districts worldwide, plus average alumina and average total tonnages for deposits within the bauxite districts. Bauxite districts based on Bogatyrev and Zhukov (2009).

For additional information, contact:
Contact Information, Mineral Resources Program
U.S. Geological Survey
12201 Sunrise Valley Drive
913 National Center
Reston, VA 20192

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Suggested citation:

Schulte, R.F., and Foley, N.K., 2014, Compilation of gallium resource data for bauxite deposits: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2013–1272, 14 p., 3 separate tables,

ISSN 2331-1258 (online)




Bauxite Deposits

Gallium Abundance in Bauxite

Limitations of the Gallium Data Compilation

Data Fields


References Cited

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