Open-File Report 2015–1004
Use cases, information modeling, and linked data techniques are Semantic Web technologies used to develop a prototype system that integrates scientific observations from four independent USGS and cooperator data systems. The techniques were tested with a use case goal of creating a data set for use in exploring potential relationships among freshwater fish populations and environmental factors. The resulting prototype extracts data from the BioData Retrieval System, the Multistate Aquatic Resource Information System, the National Geochemical Survey, and the National Hydrography Dataset. A prototype user interface allows a scientist to select observations from these data systems and combine them into a single data set in RDF format that includes explicitly defined relationships and data definitions. The project was funded by the USGS Community for Data Integration and undertaken by the Community for Data Integration Semantic Web Working Group in order to demonstrate use of Semantic Web technologies by scientists. This allows scientists to simultaneously explore data that are available in multiple, disparate systems beyond those they traditionally have used.
First posted April 9, 2015
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Gordon, Janice, Chkhenkeli, Nina, Govoni, David, Lightsom, Frances, Ostroff, Andrea, Schweitzer, Peter, Thongsavanh, Phethala, Varanka, Dalia, and Zednik, Stephan, 2015, A case study of data integration for aquatic resources using semantic web technologies: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2015–1004, 55 p., https://dx.doi.org/10.3133/ofr20151004.
ISSN 2331-1258 (online)
Application of the Methodology
Discussion and Conclusions
Appendix 1: Semantic Web Technologies (Overview)
Appendix 2: Introduction to Resource Description Framework
Appendix 3: Linked Open Data
Appendix 4: API SPARQL Statements