Acid-rock drainage occurs through the interaction of rainfall on pyrite-bearing formations. When pyrite (FeS2) is exposed to oxygen and water in mine workings or roadcuts, the mineral decomposes and sulfur may react to form sulfuric acid, which often results in environmental problems and potential damage to the transportation infrastructure. The accelerated oxidation of pyrite and other sulfidic minerals generates low pH water with potentially high concentrations of trace metals. Much attention has been given to contamination arising from acid mine drainage, but studies related to acid-rock drainage from road construction are relatively limited. The U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the Tennessee Department of Transportation, is conducting an investigation to evaluate the occurrence and processes controlling acid-rock drainage and contaminant transport from roadcuts in Tennessee. The basic components of acid-rock drainage resulting from transportation activities are described and a bibliography, organized by relevant categories (remediation, geochemical, microbial, biological impact, and secondary mineralization) is presented.
First posted March 16, 2015
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Bradley, M.W., and Worland, S.C., 2015, Bibliography for acid-rock drainage and selected acid-mine drainage issues related to acid-rock drainage from transportation activities: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2015–1016, 17 p., https://dx.doi.org/10.3133/ofr20151016.
ISSN 2331-1258 (online)
Methods and Sources
Selected Annotated Citations