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Professional Paper 1804

Baseline and Projected Future Carbon Storage and Greenhouse-Gas Fluxes in Ecosystems of the Eastern United States

By Zhiliang Zhu and Bradley C. Reed, editors

Thumbnail of and link to report PDF (85.5 MB)Abstract

This assessment was conducted to fulfill the requirements of section 712 of the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 and to conduct a comprehensive national assessment of storage and flux (flow) of carbon and the fluxes of other greenhouse gases in ecosystems of the Eastern United States. These carbon and greenhouse gas variables were examined for major terrestrial ecosystems (forests, grasslands/shrublands, agricultural lands, and wetlands) and aquatic ecosystems (rivers, streams, lakes, estuaries, and coastal waters) in the Eastern United States in two time periods: baseline (from 2001 through 2005) and future (projections from the end of the baseline through 2050). The Great Lakes were not included in this assessment due to a lack of input data. The assessment was based on measured and observed data collected by the U.S. Geological Survey and many other agencies and organizations and used remote sensing, statistical methods, and simulation models.

First posted June 25, 2014

For additional information, contact:
Land Change Science Program
U.S. Geological Survey
MS 519A National Center
Reston, VA 20192

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Suggested citation:

Zhu, Zhiliang, and Reed, Bradley, eds., 2014, Baseline and projected future carbon storage and greenhouse-gas fluxes in ecosystems of the eastern United States: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1804, 204 p.,

ISSN 1044–9612 (print)

ISSN 2330–7102 (online)

ISBN 978-1-4113-3794-7


Executive Summary (PDF 192 KB)

Chapter 1. Scope, Methodology, and Current Knowledge (PDF 1.99 MB)

Chapter 2. Ecoregion and Scenario Framework (PDF 2.42 MB)

Chapter 3. Mapping and Modeling of Land Use and Land Cover in the Eastern United States From 1992 Through 2050 (PDF 49 MB)

Chapter 4. Wildland Fire Occurrence and Emissions in the Eastern United States From 2001 Through 2050 (PDF 1 MB)

Chapter 5. Carbon Sequestration, Transport, and Emission From Inland Aquatic Ecosystems in the Eastern United States (PDF 1.67 MB)

Chapter 6. Terrestrial Fluxes of Nutrients and Sediment to Coastal Waters and Their Effects on Coastal Carbon Storage in the Eastern United States (PDF 5 MB)

Chapter 7. Baseline and Projected Future Carbon Storage, Carbon Sequestration, and Greenhouse-Gas Fluxes in Terrestrial Ecosystems of the Eastern United States (PDF 23 KB)

Selected References (478 KB)

Appendixes 1-6 (831 KB)

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