Scientific Investigations Map 3057
Prepared in cooperation with
Southwest Florida Water Management District
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Hydrologic Conditions in West-Central FloridaThe Floridan aquifer system consists of the Upper and Lower Floridan aquifers separated by the middle confining unit. The middle confining unit and the Lower Floridan aquifer in west-central Florida generally contain highly mineralized water. The water-bearing units containing fresh water are herein referred to as the Upper Floridan aquifer. The Upper Floridan aquifer is the principal source of water in the Southwest Florida Water Management District and is used for major public supply, domestic use, irrigation, and brackish water desalination in coastal communities (Southwest Florida Water Management District, 2000).
This map report shows the potentiometric surface of the Upper Floridan aquifer measured in May 2008. The potentiometric surface is an imaginary surface connecting points of equal altitude to which water will rise in tightly-cased wells that tap a confined aquifer system (Lohman, 1979). This map represents water-level conditions near the end of the dry season, when ground-water levels usually are at an annual low and withdrawals for agricultural use typically are high. The cumulative average rainfall of 46.95 inches for west-central Florida (from June 2007 through May 2008) was 5.83 inches below the historical cumulative average of 52.78 inches (Southwest Florida Water Management District, 2008). Historical cumulative averages are calculated from regional rainfall summary reports (1915 to most recent complete calendar year) and are updated monthly by the Southwest Florida Water Management District.
This report, prepared by the U.S. Geological Survey in cooperation with the Southwest Florida Water Management District, is part of a semi-annual series of Upper Floridan aquifer potentiometric-surface map reports for west-central Florida. Potentiometric-surface maps have been prepared for January 1964, May 1969, May 1971, May 1973, May 1974, and for each May and September since 1975. Water-level data are collected in May and September each year to show the approximate annual low and high water-level conditions, respectively. Most of the water-level data for this map were collected by the U.S. Geological Survey during the period May 19-23, 2008. Supplemental water-level data were collected by other agencies and companies. A corresponding potentiometric-surface map was prepared for areas east and north of the Southwest Florida Water Management District boundary by the U.S. Geological Survey office in Orlando, Florida (Kinnaman and Dixon, 2008). Most water-level measurements were made during a 5-day period; therefore, measurements do not represent a "snapshot" of conditions at a specific time, nor do they necessarily coincide with the seasonal low water-level condition.
Water levels in about 78 percent of the wells measured in May 2008 were higher than the May 2007 water levels (Ortiz, 2007). Data from 396 wells indicate the May 2008 water levels ranged from about 7 feet below to about 14 feet above the May 2007 water levels (fig. 1). The largest water level rise occurred in east-central Hillsborough County. Water level declines occurred in north-central Hardee County, east-central Polk County, and southwest Sarasota County (fig. 1).
The author thanks Tampa Bay Water and CF Industries for their assistance with the collection of data used to prepare this report.
Selected ReferencesKinnaman, S.L, and Dixon, J.F., 2008, Potentiometric surface of the Upper Floridan aquifer in the St. Johns River Water Management District and vicinity, Florida, May 2008: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Map 3056, 1 sheet.
Lohman, S.W., 1979, Ground-water hydraulics: U. S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 708, 72 p.
Ortiz, A.G., 2008, Potentiometric surface of the Upper Floridan aquifer, west-central Florida, September 2007: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1105, 1 sheet.
Ortiz, A.G., 2007, Potentiometric surface of the Upper Floridan aquifer, west-central Florida, May 2007: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2007-1380, 1 sheet.
Southwest Florida Water Management District, 2000, Aquifer characteristics within the Southwest Florida Water Management District: Broooksville, Fla. 123 p.
Southwest Florida Water Management District, 2008, Hydrologic conditions for the month of May 2008: Broooksville, Fla., 81 p.
Ortiz, A.G., 2008, Potentiometric surface of the Upper Floridan aquifer, west-central Florida, May 2008: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Map 3057, 1 sheet.
For additional information, contact:
U.S. Geological Survey