USGS

Chloride in Ground Water and Surface Water in the Vicinity of Selected Surface-Water Sampling Sites of the Beneficial Use Monitoring Program of Oklahoma, 2003

Department of the Interior

U.S. Geological Survey

Scientific Investigations Report 2004-5060

 

By Shana L. Mashburn and Michael P. Sughru

 

Prepared in cooperation with

OKLAHOMA DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY

 

This report is also available as a pdf.

 

Abstract

The Oklahoma Water Resources Board Beneficial Use Monitoring Program reported exceedances of beneficial-use standards for chloride at 11 surface-water sampling sites from January to October 2002. The U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the Oklahoma Department of Environmental Quality, conducted a study to determine the chloride concentrations in ground water in the vicinity of Beneficial Use Monitoring Program surface-water sampling sites not meeting beneficial use standards for chloride and compare chloride concentrations in ground water and surface water. The chloride-impaired Beneficial Use Monitoring Program surface-water sampling sites are located in the western and southern regions of Oklahoma. The ground-water sampling sites were placed in proximity to the 11 surface-water sampling sites designated impaired by chloride by the Oklahoma Water Resources Board. Two surface-water sampling sites were located on the Beaver River (headwaters of the North Canadian River), three sites on the Cimarron River, one site on Sandy Creek, one site on North Fork Red River, and four sites on the Red River.

Six ground-water samples were collected, when possible, from two test holes located upstream from each of the 11 Beneficial Use Monitoring Program surface-water sampling sites. One test hole was placed on the left bank and right bank, when possible, of each Beneficial Use Monitoring Program surfacewater sampling site. All test holes were located on alluvial deposits adjacent to the Beneficial Use Monitoring Program surface-water sampling sites within 0.5 mile of the stream. Top, middle, and bottom ground-water samples were collected from the alluvium at each test hole, when possible. Water properties of specific conductance, pH, water temperature, and dissolved oxygen were recorded in the field before sampling for chloride.

The ground-water median chloride concentrations at 8 of the 11 Beneficial Use Monitoring Program sites were less than the surface-water median chloride concentrations. The Turpin and Beaver sites had similar ground-water and surface-water median chloride concentrations. The Buffalo site was the only site that had a large difference between the ground-water and surface-water chloride concentrations. The ground-water median chloride concentration was approximately 14,500 mg/L greater than the surface-water median chloride concentration at the Buffalo site.

Contents

Abstract

Introduction

Purpose and scope

Acknowledgments

Description of sampling sites

Beaver River

Cimarron River

Sandy Creek

North Fork Red River

Red River

Possible sources of chloride

Methods and sampling procedures

Chloride in ground water and surface water

Summary

Selected references

Appendices

  1. Ground-water data collected near Beneficial Use Monitoring Program surface-water sampling sites impaired by chloride, 2003
  2. Ground-water quality assurance data collected near Beneficial Use Monitoring Program surfacewater sampling sites impaired by chloride, 2003
  3. Surface-water data for Beneficial Use Monitoring Program surface-water sampling sites impaired by chloride, 1998–2002

 


For sale by

 

U.S. Geological Survey,

Information Services

Box 25286,

Denver Federal Center

Denver, CO 80225

 

For additional information:

 

District Chief

U.S. Geological Survey

202 NW 66 St., Bldg 7

Oklahoma City, OK 73116

 

For more information about the USGS and its products: Telephone: 1-888-ASK-USGS

World Wide Web: http://www.usgs.gov/

 

For more information about USGS activities in Oklahoma, visit the USGS Oklahoma District home page.

 

Any use of trade, product, or firm names in this publication is for descriptive purposes only and does not imply endorsement by the U.S. Government.Although this report is in the public domain, permission must be secured from the individual copyright owners to reproduce any copyrighted materials contained within this report.

 

 


 

 

This report is available online in Portable Document Format (PDF). If you do not have the Adobe Acrobat PDF Reader, it is available for free download from Adobe Systems Incorporated.

 

Download the text of the report (PDF, 2 MB)

 

 

Document Accessibility: Adobe Systems Incorporated has information about PDFs and the visually impaired. This information provides tools to help make PDF files accessible. These tools convert Adobe PDF documents into HTML or ASCII text, which then can be read by a number of common screen-reading programs that synthesize text as audible speech. In addition, an accessible version of Acrobat Reader 5.0 for Windows (English only), which contains support for screen readers, is available. These tools and the accessible reader may be obtained free from Adobe at Adobe Access.

 

Top


U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey
Persistent URL:
Page Contact Information: Contact USGS
Last modified: Thursday, December 01 2016, 08:07:11 PM
FirstGov button  Take Pride in America button