Scientific Investigations Report 2004-5082
Preliminary Investigation of Structural Controls of Ground-Water Movement in Pipe Spring National Monument, Arizona
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Prepared in cooperation with the
NATIONAL PARK SERVICE
By Margot Truini, J.B. Fleming, and H.A. Pierce
Pipe Spring National Monument, near the border of Arizona and Utah, includes several low-discharge springs that are the primary natural features of the monument. The National Park Service is concerned about the declines in spring discharge. Seismic-refraction and frequency-domain electromagnetic-induction methods were employed in an attempt to better understand the relation between spring discharge and geologic structure. The particular method used for the seismic-refraction surveys was unable to resolve structural features in the monument. Electromagnetic surveys delineated differences in apparent conductivity of the shallow subsurface deposits. The differences are attributable to differences in saturation, lithology, and structure of these deposits.
Structural controls of ground-water movement
Summary and conclusions
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