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Direction of Ground-Water Flow in the Surficial Aquifer in the Vicinity of Impact Areas G-10 and K-2, Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune, North Carolina, 2004

Scientific Investigations Report 2004–5270
By Stephen L. Harden, Stephen S. Howe, and Silvia Terziotti

Prepared in cooperation with the
Department of the Navy, U.S. Marine Corps, Camp Lejeune, North Carolina

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Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune is located in Onslow County in the North Carolina Coastal Plain. In support of North Carolina Department of Environment and Natural Resource requirements, Camp Lejeune is developing a site closure plan for two Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) regulated open burn/open detonation (OB/OD) facilities located within Impact Area K-2 and Impact Area G-10, respectively. Both Impact Areas are used for training activities involving live artillery fire. The two OB/OD facilities are used to treat RCRA regulated waste munitions. To provide Base officials with information needed for assessing the quality of ground water at these sites, hydrologic data were used to characterize groundwater flow directions and hydraulic gradients in the surficial aquifer underlying the Impact Areas.

Water-level data in the unconfined surficial aquifer and potentiometric head data in the underlying Castle Hayne aquifer were compiled from existing and newly drilled wells. Water-table contour maps were developed for Impact Areas K-2 and G-10 to examine the direction of ground-water flow in the surficial aquifer. The primary directions of ground-water flow beneath K-2 are southward and eastward toward discharge zones along the New River and its tributaries. Beneath interior areas of G-10, water in the surficial aquifer flows outward in all directions toward discharge zones along local streams that drain westward to the New River or to streams that drain southward and eastward to the Intracoastal Waterway and the Atlantic Ocean.

Long-term water-level data for the period October 1994 through September 2004 at selected Camp Lejeune well sites were used to examine trends in ground-water levels and vertical hydraulic gradients between the surficial and Castle Hayne aquifers. Evaluation of water-level data for three wells in the surficial aquifer indicated no significant trends for this period of record. The apparent water-level declines in two of the three Castle Hayne wells examined are likely the result of local pumping of the Castle Hayne aquifer. Vertical hydraulic gradients determined for two well cluster sites indicate a downward flow of water from the surficial aquifer into the underlying Castle Hayne aquifer.

Suggested citation:
Harden, S.L., Howe, S.S., and Terziotti, Silvia, 2004, Direction of Ground-Water Flow in the Surficial Aquifer in the Vicinity of Impact Areas G-10 and K-2, Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune, North Carolina, 2004: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2004–5270, accessed December 5, 2022, at

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U.S. Geological Survey
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