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U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2012–5275

Prepared in cooperation with the Arizona Department of Water Resources and Mohave County, Arizona

Hydrogeologic Framework and Estimates of Groundwater Storage for the Hualapai Valley, Detrital Valley, and Sacramento Valley Basins, Mohave County, Arizona

By Margot Truini, L. Sue Beard, Jeffrey Kennedy, and David W. Anning

Thumbnail of and link to report PDF (22.3 MB)Abstract

We have investigated the hydrogeology of the Hualapai Valley, Detrital Valley, and Sacramento Valley basins of Mohave County in northwestern Arizona to develop a better understanding of groundwater storage within the basin fill aquifers. In our investigation we used geologic maps, well-log data, and geophysical surveys to delineate the sedimentary textures and lithology of the basin fill. We used gravity data to construct a basin geometry model that defines smaller subbasins within the larger basins, and airborne transient electromagnetic modeled results along with well-log lithology data to infer the subsurface distribution of basin fill within the subbasins. Hydrogeologic units (HGUs) are delineated within the subbasins on the basis of the inferred lithology of saturated basin fill. We used the extent and size of HGUs to estimate groundwater storage to depths of 400 meters (m; 1,312 feet, ft) below land surface (bls).

The basin geometry model for the Hualapai Valley basin consists of three subbasins: the Kingman, Hualapai, and southern Gregg subbasins. In the Kingman subbasin, which is estimated to be 1,200 m (3,937 ft) deep, saturated basin fill consists of a mixture of fine- to coarse-grained sedimentary deposits. The Hualapai subbasin, which is the largest of the subbasins, contains a thick halite body from about 400 m to about 4,300 m (14,107 ft) bls. Saturated basin fill overlying the salt body consists predominately of fine-grained older playa deposits. In the southern Gregg subbasin, which is estimated to be 1,400 m (4,593 ft) deep, saturated basin fill is interpreted to consist primarily of fine- to coarse-grained sedimentary deposits. Groundwater storage to 400 m bls in the Hualapai Valley basin is estimated to be 14.1 cubic kilometers (km3; 11.4 million acre-feet).

The basin geometry model for the Detrital Valley basin consists of three subbasins: northern Detrital, central Detrital, and southern Detrital subbasins. The northern and central Detrital subbasins are characterized by a predominance of playa evaporite and fine-grained clastic deposits; evaporite deposits in the northern Detrital subbasin include halite. The northern Detrital subbasin is estimated to be 600 m (1,968 ft) deep and the middle Detrital subbasin is estimated to be 700 m (2,296 ft) deep. The southern Detrital subbasin, which is estimated to be 1,500 m (4,921 ft) deep, is characterized by a mixture of fine- to coarse-grained basin fill deposits. Ground-water storage to 400 m bls in the Detrital Valley basin is estimated to be 9.8 km3 (7.9 million acre-feet).

The basin geometry model for the Sacramento Valley basin consists of three subbasins: the Chloride, Golden Val-ley, and Dutch Flat subbasins. The Chloride subbasin, which is estimated to be 900 m (2,952 ft) deep, is characterized by fine- to coarse-grained basin fill deposits. In the Golden Valley subbasin, which is elongated north-south, and is estimated to be 1,300 m (4,265 ft) deep, basin fill includes fine-grained sedimentary deposits overlain by coarse-grained sedimentary deposits in much of the subbasin. The Dutch Flat subbasin is estimated to be 2,600 m (8,530 ft) deep, and well-log litho-logic data suggest that the basin fill consists of interlayers of gravel, sand, and clay. Groundwater storage to 400 m bls in the Sacramento Valley basin is estimated to be 35.1 km3 (28.4 million acre-feet).

Last modified March 8, 2013
First posted February 14, 2013

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Office information, Arizona Water Science Center
U.S. Geological Survey
520 N. Park Avenue
Tucson, AZ 85719
http://az.water.usgs.gov/

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Suggested citation:

Truini, M., Beard, L.S., Kennedy, J., Anning, D.W., 2013, Hydrogeologic framework and estimates of groundwater storage for the Hualapai Valley, Detrital Valley, and Sacramento Valley basins, Mohave County, Arizona: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2012–5275, 47 p. (Available at http://pubs.usgs.gov/sir/2012/5275/.)



Contents

Abstract

Introduction

Approach

Hydrogeologic Framework

Groundwater Storage

Summary

References Cited


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