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Scientific Investigations Report 2014–5157

In cooperation with the U.S. Department of Defense Task Force for Business and Stability Operations

Estimated Monthly Streamflows for Selected Locations on the Kabul and Logar Rivers, Aynak Copper, Cobalt, and Chromium Area of Interest, Afghanistan, 1951–2010

By Kevin C. Vining and Aldo V. Vecchia

Thumbnail of and link to report PDF (1.07 MB)Abstract

The U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the U.S. Department of Defense Task Force for Business and Stability Operations, used the stochastic monthly water-balance model and existing climate data to estimate monthly streamflows for 1951–2010 for selected streamgaging stations located within the Aynak copper, cobalt, and chromium area of interest in Afghanistan. The model used physically based, nondeterministic methods to estimate the monthly volumetric water-balance components of a watershed. A comparison of estimated and recorded monthly streamflows for the streamgaging stations Kabul River at Maidan and Kabul River at Tangi-Saidan indicated that the stochastic water-balance model was able to provide satisfactory estimates of monthly streamflows for high-flow months and low-flow months even though withdrawals for irrigation likely occurred. A comparison of estimated and recorded monthly streamflows for the streamgaging stations Logar River at Shekhabad and Logar River at Sangi-Naweshta also indicated that the stochastic water-balance model was able to provide reasonable estimates of monthly streamflows for the high-flow months; however, for the upstream streamgaging station, the model overestimated monthly streamflows during periods when summer irrigation withdrawals likely occurred. Results from the stochastic water-balance model indicate that the model should be able to produce satisfactory estimates of monthly streamflows for locations along the Kabul and Logar Rivers. This information could be used by Afghanistan authorities to make decisions about surface-water resources for the Aynak copper, cobalt, and chromium area of interest.

First posted September 25, 2014

For additional information contact:
Director, North Dakota Water Science Center
U.S. Geological Survey
821 East Interstate Avenue
Bismarck, North Dakota 58503
http://nd.water.usgs.gov/

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Suggested citation:

Vining, K.C., and Vecchia, A.V., 2014, Estimated monthly streamflows for selected locations on the Kabul and Logar Rivers, Aynak copper, cobalt, and chromium area of interest, Afghanistan, 1951–2010: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2014–5157, 12 p., http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/sir20145157.

ISSN 2328-0328 (online)



Contents

Abstract

Introduction

Aynak Copper, Cobalt, and Chromium Area of Interest

Stochastic Monthly Water-Balance Model

Estimated Monthly Streamflows

Summary

References Cited


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