|Techniques and Methods 6-A12|
This report documents the addition of shared node Local Grid Refinement (LGR) to MODFLOW-2005, the U.S. Geological Survey modular, transient, three-dimensional, finite-difference ground-water flow model. LGR provides the capability to simulate ground-water flow using one block-shaped higher-resolution local grid (a child model) within a coarser-grid parent model. LGR accomplishes this by iteratively coupling two separate MODFLOW-2005 models such that heads and fluxes are balanced across the shared interfacing boundary. LGR can be used in two-and three-dimensional, steady-state and transient simulations and for simulations of confined and unconfined ground-water systems.
Traditional one-way coupled telescopic mesh refinement (TMR) methods can have large, often undetected, inconsistencies in heads and fluxes across the interface between two model grids. The iteratively coupled shared-node method of LGR provides a more rigorous coupling in which the solution accuracy is controlled by convergence criteria defined by the user. In realistic problems, this can result in substantially more accurate solutions and require an increase in computer processing time. The rigorous coupling enables sensitivity analysis, parameter estimation, and uncertainty analysis that reflects conditions in both model grids.
This report describes the method used by LGR, evaluates LGR accuracy and performance for two- and three-dimensional test cases, provides input instructions, and lists selected input and output files for an example problem. It also presents the Boundary Flow and Head (BFH) Package, which allows the child and parent models to be simulated independently using the boundary conditions obtained through the iterative process of LGR.
Purpose and Scope
Highlights and Compatibility
Highlights for New Users and Quick Reference
Compatibility with Other MODFLOW Packages and Processes
Description of Local Grid Refinement (LGR)
The Grid Structure of the LGR Shared-Node Method - Parent Grid, Child Grid, and the Interface
The Iterative Coupling
Evaluation of LGR Convergence and Numerical Accuracy Using a Two-Dimensional Test Case with Varying Levels of Heterogeneity
Parent Grid error
Child Grid Error
Effects of the Refinement Ratio
Practical Lessons Learned
Example 1: Two-Dimensional Steady State Test Case with Heterogeneity and Pumping - Forward, Sensitivity, and Inverse Simulations
Example 2: Two-Dimensional Transient Test Case with Homogeneity and Pumping - Forward Simulations
Example 3: Three-Dimensional Steady State Test Case with Homogeneity and Stream-Aquifer Interactions - Forward Simulations
Appendix 1 - LGR Input Instruction and Selected Input and Output Files from Examples 1 and 3
Appendix 2 - Independent Simulations Using the Boundary Flow and Head (BFH) Package
Appendix 3 -Error Propagation in LGR
Appendix 4 - Using MODTMR and MF96TO2K to Create Child-Model Input Files
Appendix 5 - Brief Program Description
This report is available online in Portable Document Format (PDF). If you do not have the Adobe Acrobat PDF Reader, it is available for free download from Adobe Systems Incorporated.
Download the report (PDF, 1MB)
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Last modified: Friday, December 02 2016, 03:43:57 PM