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Water Data Report 1997


Water Resources Data - Ohio, Water Year 97, Vol. 2 | Sandusky River Basin


Water-Discharge | Water-Quality
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                                04198000 SANDUSKY RIVER NEAR FREMONT, OHIO

LOCATION.--Lat 41018'28", long 83009'32", in sec. 17, T.4 N., R.15 E., Sandusky County, Hydrologic Unit 04100011, on 
left bank at downstream side of county road bridge, 2.3 mi upstream from Ballville diversion dam, 2.5 mi downstream 
from Wolf Creek, and 3.5 mi southwest of Fremont.
DRAINAGE AREA.--1,251 mi2.

                                               WATER-DISCHARGE RECORDS


PERIOD OF RECORD.--November 1898 to March 1901 (gage height and discharge measurements only, published as "at 
Fremont"), October 1923 to December 1935, July 1938 to current year. Monthly discharge only for October 1923, 
published in WSP 1307.
REVISED RECORDS.--WSP 744: 1931-32. WSP 874: 1938. WSP 1144: 1924-30. WSP 1387: 1925, 1928-29, 1931-35. WSP 1912: 
Drainage area.
GAGE.--Water-stage recorder. Datum of gage is 626.3 ft above sea level. Nov. 18, 1898, to Mar. 10, 1901, nonrecording 
gage at site 4 mi downstream at different datum. Nov. 8, 1923, to Sept. 5, 1930, nonrecording gage at present 
site and datum.
REMARKS.--Records good except for periods of estimated record, which are poor, and July 8-18, which are fair. Water-
quality data collected at this site.


			DISCHARGE, CUBIC FEET PER SECOND, WATER YEAR OCTOBER 1996 TO SEPTEMBER 1997                   
							DAILY MEAN VALUES                                                
 
 DAY       OCT      NOV      DEC      JAN      FEB      MAR      APR      MAY      JUN      JUL      AUG      SEP
 
   1       693       90      933     1170    e1000     9640     1550      391    14400     e967     e140      152
   2       382       98     3670      925     e700     8950     1110      395    23700     e826     e209      137
   3       234      176     3930      832     e620     7710      874      522    18400      571     e180      128
   4       146      143     2640      814    e1500     5570      729     1500    15500      410     e160      114
   5       100      115     1450      959   e10000     3450      682     2750     8820      339     e250      104
 
   6        81      101      844     1720    e6600     3470      836     2360     3540      279     e350       97
   7        76       99      656     1760    e4000     5090      783     1660     1760      255     e260       90
   8        64      113      550     1130    e2300     4260      658     1340     1250      227     e209       88
   9        60      109      485      720    e1200     2910      559     1080      944     4370     e160       86
  10        63      135      431     e500     e880     2790      471     1020      738     8510     e125       94
 
  11        57      138      462     e400     e700     3510      413     1080      613     4010     e103      111
  12        51      174     4540     e350     e580     2860      580      894      541     1940      e85      301
  13        50      225     8360     e320     e522     1720     2600      723      708     1070      149      470
  14        47      234    e7400     e300     e470     3560     2260      616      767      758      640      309
  15        45      207     6260     e370     e410     6140     1640      556      557      613      408      228
 
  16        45      167     3310     e480     e360     4310     1100      490      458      551      269      178
  17        46      141     5360     e400     e320     2550     1030      449      390      410     1580      140
  18        55      131    10200     e370     e400     1510     1040      476      386      292     3600      114
  19        79      123    e7000     e320     1760     1160      797     1720      468      236     3050       99
  20        73      120    e4200     e290     2310      989      662     2770      507      216     2010      292
 
  21        85      111    e1700     e260     3330      875      576     2960      435      228     1160      399
  22       108      116    e1200    e1000     5070      795      513     1670    e1160      213      598      483
  23       116      120     e930    e5000     3870      709      466      984     e679      240      447      304
  24       116      114     2790    e4000     2280      610      429      710     e420      259      378      216
  25        99      123     5610    e3000     1370      620      404     5720     e260     e262      391      169
 
  26        90      300    e4500    e2500     1010      884      379    17800     e560     e245      429      138
  27        81     2410     2960    e2200    11000      863      351    11300     e680     e227      345      117
  28        79     3140     1450    e3000    16100      711      358     6270     e280     e204      272      104
  29        81     2040     1130    e5500      ---     1140      369     2740     e250     e190      242       92
  30       106     1050     1590    e3500      ---     1960      378     1830    e2100     e170      214       82
  31       110      ---     1580    e2000      ---     1990      ---     2670      ---     e155      178      ---
 
 TOTAL    3518    12363    98121    46090    80662    93306    24597    77446   101271    29243    18591     5436
 MEAN      113      412     3165     1487     2881     3010      820     2498     3376      943      600      181
 MAX       693     3140    10200     5500    16100     9640     2600    17800    23700     8510     3600      483
 MIN        45       90      431      260      320      610      351      391      250      155       85       82
 CFSM      .09      .33     2.53     1.19     2.30     2.41      .66     2.00     2.70      .75      .48      .14
 IN.       .10      .37     2.92     1.37     2.40     2.77      .73     2.30     3.01      .87      .55      .16
 
 STATISTICS OF MONTHLY MEAN DATA FOR WATER YEARS 1924 - 1997, BY WATER YEAR (WY)                                 
 
 MEAN      225      593     1101     1554     1930     2341     1826     1072      814      460      216      257
 MAX      2521     4413     5495     7659     7504     8261     5524     3654     6091     3479     1660     3713
 (WY)     1927     1993     1991     1930     1984     1978     1957     1969     1981     1992     1958     1981
 MIN      9.94     25.4     32.6     53.5     60.3      319      144      100     43.4     30.9     22.4     13.5
 (WY)     1964     1954     1964     1961     1964     1941     1946     1941     1988     1934     1952     1953
 
 SUMMARY STATISTICS           FOR 1996 CALENDAR YEAR        FOR 1997 WATER YEAR           WATER YEARS 1924 - 1997
 
 ANNUAL TOTAL                      550943                     590644                                             
 ANNUAL MEAN                         1505                       1618                       1027                  
 HIGHEST ANNUAL MEAN                                                                       2167              1984
 LOWEST ANNUAL MEAN                                                                         275              1934
 HIGHEST DAILY MEAN                 15700     Jan 19           23700     Jun  2           36000       Mar 15 1978
 LOWEST DAILY MEAN                     36     Sep  5              45     Oct 15               5.0     Oct 20 1963
 ANNUAL SEVEN-DAY MINIMUM              38     Sep  3              48     Oct 12               6.3     Jul  9 1988
 INSTANTANEOUS PEAK FLOW                                       24800     Jun  2 a         36500       Mar 16 1978
 INSTANTANEOUS PEAK STAGE                                         10.59  Jun  2              16.14    Feb 24 1979
 INSTANTANEOUS LOW FLOW                                           45     Oct 15               4.4     Feb 29 1964
 ANNUAL RUNOFF (CFSM)                   1.20                       1.29                        .82               
 ANNUAL RUNOFF (INCHES)                16.38                      17.56                      11.16               
 10 PERCENT EXCEEDS                  4510                       4090                       2750                  
 50 PERCENT EXCEEDS                   475                        557                        275                  
 90 PERCENT EXCEEDS                    54                        104                         39                  

a Peaks above base shown in table of peak discharges and stages at continuous-record surface-water-discharge stations.
e Estimated.


                                      04198000 SANDUSKY RIVER NEAR FREMONT, OHIO
 
                                                WATER-QUALITY RECORDS


PERIOD OF RECORD.--Water years 1951-56, 1978 to current year.
PERIOD OF DAILY RECORD.--
   CHLORIDE: February 1988 to September 1994.
   NITROGEN, NITRITE + NITRATE: February 1988 to September 1994.
   NITROGEN, AMMONIA + ORGANIC: February 1988 to September 1994.
   PHOSPHORUS: February 1988 to September 1994.
   SUSPENDED SEDIMENT DISCHARGE: Water years 1951-1956, 1978 to current year.
INSTRUMENTATION.--Refrigerated water-quality pumping sampler, operated by Heidelberg College Water Quality 
Laboratory, from February 1988 to September 1994.
REMARKS.--Sediment samples were collected by a local observer on an approximate once daily basis. Sediment loads were 
calculated using the mean-interval method (Porterfield, George, 1972, Computation of Fluvial-Sediment Discharge: 
U.S. Geological Survey, Techniques of Water-Resources Investigations, Book 3, Chap. C3, 66 p.). For days with 
unsteady concentration, discharge, or both, the day was subdivided into half-hour intervals and the daily load 
was calculated by summing the loads for these half-hour intervals. This required interpolation between measured 
and estimated concentrations.
EXTREMES FOR PERIOD OF DAILY RECORD.--
SEDIMENT CONCENTRATIONS: Maximum daily mean, 2,420 mg/L, Jun. 9, 1981; minimum daily mean, 1 mg/L, on many days 
during 1951-56, 1980, 1981, 1988, 1992.
SEDIMENT LOADS: Maximum daily, 124,000 tons, Jun. 14, 1981; minimum daily, less than 0.05 ton, on several days 
during 1952, 1954, 1989.
EXTREMES FOR CURRENT YEAR.--
SEDIMENT CONCENTRATIONS: Maximum daily mean, 892 mg/L, July 10; minimum daily mean, 6 mg/L, Oct. 29-Nov. 1.
SEDIMENT LOADS: Maximum daily, 38,300 tons, May 26; minimum daily, 1.0 ton, Oct. 14.


			     WATER-QUALITY DATA, WATER YEAR OCTOBER 1996 TO SEPTEMBER 1997


                             DIS-              PH                                 NITRO-   NITRO-                  
                           CHARGE,   SPE-     WATER                      CHLO-     GEN,   GEN,AM-                  
                            INST.    CIFIC    WHOLE                      RIDE,   NO2+NO3  MONIA +   PHOS-    BROM- 
                   SAM-     CUBIC    CON-     FIELD   TEMPER-  TEMPER-   DIS-      DIS-   ORGANIC  PHORUS    ACIL  
                   PLING     FEET    DUCT-   (STAND-   ATURE    ATURE    SOLVED   SOLVED   TOTAL    TOTAL    WATER 
 DATE      TIME   METHOD,    PER     ANCE      ARD      AIR     WATER    (MG/L    (MG/L    (MG/L    (MG/L    WHLREC
                   CODES*   SECOND  (US/CM)   UNITS)  (DEG C)  (DEG C)   AS CL)   AS N)    AS N)    AS P)    (UG/L)
                  (82398)  (00061)  (00095)  (00400)  (00020)  (00010)  (00940)  (00631)  (00625)  (00665)  (30234)

OCT     
  10...    0940        10       65      621      7.9      8.0     10.0    39       3.2       0.6     0.05      --  
  10...    1050        50       65       --       --       --       --    37       3.1       1.0     0.06      --  
MAY     
  02...    1400        10      395      671      8.4     17.0     14.5    41       1.9       0.8     0.05      --  
  02...    1510        50      395       --       --       --       --    43       2.1       0.8     0.04      --  
  09...    1235        10     1070      590      8.0     13.5     12.0    --        --        --       --    <0.2
  09...    1325        50     1060       --       --       --       --    --        --        --       --    <0.2
AUG     
  27...    1415        10      333      566      8.2     31.0     23.5    27       2.2       0.7     0.10      --  
  27...    1530        50      330       --       --       --       --    28       2.1       0.7     0.12      -- 


                           CARBOX-   CYCLO-  DIPHEN-  HEXAZI-                                                      
                             IN       ATE     AMID     NONE    PROPA-     TER-    VER-               TRI-          
         BUTA-    BUTYL-    WATER    WATER   WATER    WATER    CHLOR     BACIL    NOLATE            FLURA-         
         CHLOR     ATE      WHOLE    WHOLE   WHOLE    WHOLE    WATER     WATER    WATER   PRO-       LIN     SIME- 
         WATER    WATER     RECOV-   RECOV-  RECOV-   RECOV-   WHOLE     WHOLE    WHOLE   PAZINE    TOTAL    TRYNE 
 DATE    WHLREC   WHLREC    ERABLE   ERABLE  ERABLE   ERABLE   RECOV.    RECOV.   RECOV.  TOTAL    RECOVER   TOTAL 
         (UG/L)   (UG/L)    (UG/L)   (UG/L)  (UG/L)   (UG/L)   (UG/L)   (UG/L)    (UG/L)  (UG/L)    (UG/L)   (UG/L)
         (30235)  (30236)  (30245)  (30254)  (30255)  (30264)  (30295)  (30311)  (30324)  (39024)  (39030)  (39054)

OCT     
  10...     --       --       --       --       --       --       --       --       --       --       --       --  
  10...     --       --       --       --       --       --       --       --       --       --       --       --  
MAY     
  02...     --       --       --       --       --       --       --       --       --       --       --       --  
  02...     --       --       --       --       --       --       --       --       --       --       --       --  
  09...   <0.1     <0.1     <0.2     <0.1     <0.1     <0.2     <0.1     <0.2     <0.1      0.1     <0.1     <0.1
  09...   <0.1     <0.1     <0.2     <0.1     <0.1     <0.2     <0.1     <0.2     <0.1      0.1     <0.1     <0.1
AUG     
  27...     --       --       --       --       --       --       --       --       --       --       --       --  
  27...     --       --       --       --       --       --       --       --       --       --       --       -- 


*10 - Stream cross-section sample using equal-width-increment (EWI) sampling method.
*50 - Point sample obtained from flow tank.

                                            DE-ISO   DEETHYL                                                      
                                    ATRA-   PROPYL   ATRA-                               METRI-   METOLA- 
                                    ZINE    ATRAZIN   ZINE,     ALA-                      BUZIN    CHLOR  
         SIMA-    PROME-   PROME-   WATER   WATER,   WATER,    CHLOR   CYAN-     AME-     WATER    WATER  
          ZINE     TONE    TRYNE   UNFLTRD  WHOLE,   WHOLE,    TOTAL   AZINE    TRYNE     WHOLE    WHOLE   
DATE     TOTAL    TOTAL    TOTAL     REC    TOTAL     TOTAL   RECOVER  TOTAL    TOTAL    TOT.REC  TOT.REC 
         (UG/L)   (UG/L)   (UG/L)  (UG/L)   (UG/L)   (UG/L)    (UG/L)  (UG/L)   (UG/L)   (UG/L)   (UG/L)   
        (39055)  (39056)  (39057)  (39630)  (75980)  (75981)  (77825)  (81757)  (82184)  (82611)  (82612)
OCT     
  10...     --       --       --       --       --       --       --       --       --       --       --  
  10...     --       --       --       --       --       --       --       --       --       --       --  
MAY     
  02...     --       --       --       --       --       --       --       --       --       --       --  
  02...     --       --       --       --       --       --       --       --       --       --       --   
  09...    1.1     <0.2     <0.1     10       <0.2      0.36     0.4      2.6     <0.1      0.7      6.5  
  09...    0.6     <0.2     <0.1      5.4     <0.2      0.27     0.2      1.6     <0.1      0.4      3.6
AUG     
  27...     --       --       --       --       --       --       --       --       --       --       --  
  27...     --       --       --       --       --       --       --       --       --       --       -- 

                 SEDIMENT
         SEDI-   PARTICLE
         MENT,   SIZE
         SUS-    <.0625MM
DATE     PENDED  SILTCLAY
         (MG/L)  (PERCENT)
         (80154)  (80250)
OCT     
  10...     12       --
  10...     --       --
MAY     
  02...     28      92.8
  02...     --       --
  09...     50       --
  09...     --       --
AUG     
  27...     62       --
  27...     --       --


                                      04198000 SANDUSKY RIVER NEAR FREMONT, OHIO
	  SEDIMENT DISCHARGE, SUSPENDED (TONS/DAY), WATER YEAR OCTOBER 1996 TO SEPTEMBER 1997            

                     MEAN                               MEAN                               MEAN            
          MEAN     CONCEN-  SEDIMENT         MEAN     CONCEN-  SEDIMENT         MEAN     CONCEN-  SEDIMENT 
       DISCHARGE   TRATION  DISCHARGE     DISCHARGE   TRATION  DISCHARGE     DISCHARGE   TRATION  DISCHARGE
 DAY     (CFS)     (MG/L)  (TONS/DAY)       (CFS)     (MG/L)  (TONS/DAY)       (CFS)     (MG/L)  (TONS/DAY)
 
                   OCTOBER                          NOVEMBER                          DECEMBER
 
   1         693       100      190              90         6        1.4           933       197        538
   2         382        71       74              98         7        1.8          3670       439       4440
   3         234        51       32             176        14        6.5          3930       364       3870
   4         146        36       14             143        10        3.8          2640       291       2080
   5         100        25        6.8           115        12        3.7          1450       236        930
 
   6          81        16        3.6           101        16        4.3           844       188        430
   7          76        13        2.7            99        16        4.3           656       131        233
   8          64        12        2.1           113        15        4.6           550        89        133
   9          60        12        1.9           109        14        4.2           485        61         80
  10          63        11        1.9           135        13        4.8           431        45         52
 
  11          57        10        1.6           138        12        4.6           462        47         67
  12          51         9        1.3           174        16        7.5          4540       423       6280
  13          50         9        1.2           225        25       15            8360       510      11500
  14          47         8        1.0           234        20       13           e7400       410       8190
  15          45         9        1.2           207        17        9.4          6260       327       5550
 
  16          45        10        1.2           167        14        6.5          3310       244       2210
  17          46        10        1.2           141        13        4.8          5360       271       4380
  18          55        10        1.5           131        11        3.9         10200       305       8450
  19          79        10        2.1           123         9        3.1         e7000       249       4700
  20          73        10        2.0           120         8        2.7         e4200       203       2300
 
  21          85        10        2.3           111        10        3.0         e1700       165        758
  22         108         9        2.7           116         8        2.4         e1200       135        436
  23         116         8        2.6           120         8        2.6          e930       110        275
  24         116         9        2.7           114         9        2.9          2790       251       2610
  25          99         9        2.3           123        12        3.9          5610       412       6250
 
  26          90         8        2.0           300        27       28           e4500       304       3690
  27          81         8        1.7          2410       354     2570            2960       182       1490
  28          79         7        1.5          3140       364     3100            1450       100        402
  29          81         6        1.4          2040       267     1480            1130        59        181
  30         106         6        1.7          1050       197      563            1590        69        300
  31         110         6        1.8           ---       ---        ---          1580        72        308
 
 TOTAL      3518       ---      366.0         12363       ---     7865.7         98121       ---      83113
  
  DAY                 JANUARY                          FEBRUARY                            MARCH
 
   1        1170        71        223         e1000       126        339          9640       523      13800
   2         925        69        172          e700        80        151          8950       503      12300
   3         832        68        152          e620        66        110          7710       498      10400
   4         814        74        163         e1500       186        755          5570       417       6290
   5         959        93        250        e10000       791      21400          3450       345       3220
 
   6        1720       129        600         e6600       768      13700          3470       347       3350
   7        1760       122        581         e4000       509       5500          5090       365       5010
   8        1130       104        317         e2300       338       2100          4260       202       2350
   9         720        89        173         e1200       224        725          2910       117        934
  10        e500        76        102          e880       150        356          2790       101        778
 
  11        e400        64         70          e700       110        208          3510       169       1610
  12        e350        55         52          e580        83        130          2860       203       1560
  13        e320        47         40          e522        63         89          1720       143        675
  14        e300        40         32          e470        52         65          3560       292       3490
  15        e370        37         37          e410        43         48          6140       584       9770
 
  16        e480        53         68          e360        36         35          4310       384       4530
  17        e400        50         54          e320        31         26          2550       251       1760
  18        e370        44         44          e400        30         33          1510       156        642
  19        e320        38         33          1760       130        686          1160        96        303
  20        e290        34         26          2310       142        886           989        73        196
 
  21        e260        30         21          3330       180       1720           875        60        142
  22       e1000        42        113          5070       297       4060           795        49        105
  23       e5000       304       4110          3870       192       2030           709        40         77
  24       e4000       341       3680          2280       120        753           610        33         54
  25       e3000       291       2350          1370        76        285           620        34         58
 
  26       e2500       248       1670          1010        62        169           884        65        156
  27       e2200       211       1250         11000       731      28600           863        51        119
  28       e3000       212       1720         16100       828      36400           711        36         70
  29       e5500       420       6240           ---       ---        ---          1140        83        343
  30       e3500       316       2990           ---       ---        ---          1960       158        837
  31       e2000       199       1080           ---       ---        ---          1990       154        826
 
 TOTAL     46090       ---      28413         80662       ---     121359         93306       ---      85755

   DAY                  APRIL                             MAY                               JUNE
 
   1        1550       134        562           391        30         32         14400       444      18400
   2        1110       102        307           395        29         31         23700       495      31800
   3         874        77        183           522        38         57         18400       341      17000
   4         729        59        116          1500       102        451         15500       245      10300
   5         682        46         85          2750       171       1270          8820       173       4180
 
   6         836        50        112          2360       110        711          3540       129       1250
   7         783        37         78          1660        84        377          1760        98        464
   8         658        26         46          1340        65        237          1250        77        260
   9         559        18         28          1080        47        139           944        62        158
  10         471        17         21          1020        37        101           738        50         99
 
  11         413        16         17          1080        35        103           613        47         78
  12         580        23         48           894        26         63           541        52         76
  13        2600       154       1120           723        20         39           708        63        123
  14        2260       135        827           616        18         30           767        55        114
  15        1640        80        359           556        18         26           557        48         73
 
  16        1100        54        163           490        17         23           458        55         67
  17        1030        56        158           449        17         20           390        53         55
  18        1040       106        298           476        18         25           386        47         49
  19         797        70        151          1720       129        703           468        46         58
  20         662        48         85          2770       178       1330           507        45         62
 
  21         576        32         51          2960       223       1790           435        43         50
  22         513        22         31          1670       164        745         e1160       254        796
  23         466        16         21           984       116        311          e679       406        745
  24         429        17         20           710        95        182          e420       218        247
  25         404        20         21          5720       535      14600          e260       145        101
 
  26         379        22         22         17800       794      38300          e560       188        284
  27         351        24         22         11300       410      12800          e680       252        463
  28         358        27         26          6270       263       4520          e280       197        149
  29         369        29         29          2740       182       1360          e250       185        125
  30         378        32         33          1830       147        728         e2100       553       3140
  31         ---       ---        ---          2670       233       1910           ---       ---        ---
 
 TOTAL     24597       ---       5040         77446       ---      83014        101271       ---      90766
 
  DAY                  JULY                             AUGUST                           SEPTEMBER
 
   1        e967       428       1120          e140        83       31             152        53       22  
   2        e826       266        594          e209        70       40             137        40       15  
   3         571       223        344          e180        52       25             128        35       12  
   4         410       195        216          e160        53       23             114        35       11  
   5         339       148        135          e250        71       48             104        36       10  
 
   6         279       120         91          e350        62       59              97        36        9.4
   7         255       115         79          e260        57       40              90        34        8.3
   8         227       113         69          e209        61       34              88        32        7.5
   9        4370       838      16500          e160        50       22              86        31        7.2
  10        8510       892      21300          e125        36       12              94        31        7.9
 
  11        4010       465       5150          e103        33        9.2           111        31        9.2
  12        1940       282       1510           e85        34        7.9           301        90       98  
  13        1070       179        523           149        45       19             470       163      208  
  14         758       149        303           640        80      139             309       111       93  
  15         613       137        226           408        71       78             228        76       47  
 
  16         551       103        153           269        68       50             178        49       24  
  17         410        88         97          1580       187      975             140        36       14  
  18         292        85         67          3600       324     3190             114        31        9.6
  19         236        76         48          3050       297     2450              99        27        7.2
  20         216        70         41          2010       230     1250             292        82       72  
 
  21         228        73         45          1160       183      575             399       114      132  
  22         213        79         46           598       146      236             483       119      158  
  23         240        82         53           447       118      142             304        81       66  
  24         259        79         55           378       104      106             216        69       41  
  25        e262        81         57           391        90       95             169        58       26  
 
  26        e245        79         52           429        78       90             138        47       17  
  27        e227        74         45           345        67       62             117        34       11  
  28        e204        74         41           272        61       44             104        30        8.4
  29        e190        81         41           242        59       38              92        30        7.5
  30        e170        89         41           214        57       33              82        30        6.7
  31        e155        97         41           178        55       26             ---       ---        ---
 
 TOTAL     29243       ---      49083         18591       ---     9949.1          5436       ---     1165.9
 
 YEAR     590644             565889.7                                                                      
 
   e  Estimated


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