In cooperation with the U.S. Army

Geologic Framework and Hydrogeologic Features of the Glen Rose Limestone, Camp Bullis Training Site, Bexar County, Texas

By Allan K. Clark

U.S. Geological Survey
Water-Resources Investigations Report 03–4081

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Methods of Investigation


Geologic Framework



Hydrogeologic Features of the Glen Rose Limestone


Upper Member

Interval A

Interval B

Interval C

Interval D

Interval E

Lower Member




1.   Map showing hydrogeologic subdivisions of the Edwards and Trinity aquifers that crop out; and generalized stratigraphic section, Camp Bullis Training Site, Bexar County, Texas


1.   Map showing location of Camp Bullis Training Site, Bexar County, Texas


1.   Summary of the lithologic and hydrogeologic properties of the hydrogeologic subdivisions of the Glen Rose Limestone and associated units that crop out, Camp Bullis Training Site, Bexar County, Texas


The Glen Rose Limestone crops out over most of the Camp Bullis Training Site in northern Bexar County, Texas, where it consists of upper and lower members and composes the upper zone and the upper part of the middle zone of the Trinity aquifer. Uncharacteristically permeable in northern Bexar County, the Glen Rose Limestone can provide avenues for recharge to and potential contamination of the downgradient Edwards aquifer, which occupies the southeastern corner of Camp Bullis.

The upper member of the Glen Rose Limestone characteristically is thin-bedded and composed mostly of soft limestone and marl, and the lower Glen Rose typically is composed mostly of relatively massive, fossiliferous limestone. The upper member, about 410 to 450 feet thick at Camp Bullis, was divided in this study into five hydrogeologic subdivisions, A through E (youngest to oldest).

The approximately 120-foot-thick Interval A has an abundance of caves, which is indicative of its generally well developed fracture, channel, and cavern porosity that in places provides appreciable permeability. The 120- to 150-foot-thick Interval B is similar to Interval A but with less cave development and considerably less permeability. The 10- to 20-foot-thick Interval C, a layer of partly to mostly dissolved soluble carbonate minerals, is characterized by breccia porosity, boxwork permeability, and collapse structures that typically divert ground water laterally to discharge at land surface. The 135- to 180-foot-thick Interval D generally has low porosity and little permeability with some local exceptions, most notably the caprinid biostrome just below the top of the interval, which appears to be permeable by virtue of excellent moldic, vug, fracture, and cavern porosity. The 10- to 20-foot-thick Interval E, a layer of partly to mostly dissolved evaporites similar to Interval C, has similar hydrogeologic properties and a tendency to divert ground water laterally.


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