USGS Visual Identifier

Water-Quality Characteristics and Trends for Selected Sites in or near the Earth Resources Observation Systems (EROS) Data Center, South Dakota, 1973-2000

Kathleen M. Neitzert

Water-Resources Investigations Report 03-4280

Jan 2004


This report presents data on water-quality samples that were collected in and near the Earth Resources Observation Systems (EROS) Data Center from 1973 through 2000. The investigation is a collaborated effort between the U.S. Geological Survey, Water Resources Discipline (WRD), and Geography (formerly National Mapping) Discipline, EROS Data Center.

A water-quality monitoring program was initiated in 1973, when the EROS Data Center was constructed, and continues at the present time (2003). Under this program, water-quality samples were collected at various sites on the EROS Data Center's property and in the surrounding area. These sites include 4 wastewater-treatment lagoons, 1 site on EROS Lake located behind the EROS Data Center, 2 stream sites near the EROS Data Center, and 9 ground-water wells surrounding the EROS Data Center. Additionally, 3 sites on EROS Lake, 7 stream sites, and 9 ground-water sites are located within the study area and have been sampled during the period covered in the report. Some of these additional sites were part of the initial water-quality monitoring conducted during and immediately after the construction of the EROS Data Center. For other sites, some special sampling (depth-profile and bottom material) has occurred at times during the sampling history; however, these sites have little water-quality data and were not used for statistical or trend analysis.

A trend-analysis program, Estimate TREND (ESTREND), was used to analyze for trends for one surface-water site, the Big Sioux River, which was the only site that had a substantial number of samples collected during an extensive period. The ESTREND trend-analysis program was used to analyze 16 constituents. Specific conductance and dissolved orthophosphate were the only constituents determined to have statistically significant trends. Results showed an increasing trend for specific conductance and a decreasing trend for dissolved orthophosphate.

Scatter plots with regression smoothing lines for selected constituents are presented for selected surface-water and ground-water sites. Regression analyses using a Lowess (Locally Weighted Scatterplot Smoothing) smoothing line for Split Rock Creek, EROS Lake, the lagoon sites, and the ground-water sites indicated variable results, with some constituents indicating an increasing or decreasing trend, some having varied results, and others indicating no change during the sampling period.




Purpose and Scope

Description of Study Area

Physiography and Climate

Geologic Setting

Hydrologic Setting

Glacial Aquifers

Bedrock Aquifers

Previous Investigations


Methods of Study

Sample Collection, Processing, and Analysis

Methods of Trend Analysis

ESTREND Trend-Analysis Program

Regression Using Smoothing-Line on Scatter Plots

Water-Quality Characteristics

Selected Surface-Water Sites

Field-Measured Properties and Constituents

Major Ions and Indicators of Major Ions


Trace Elements

Bed Sediment


Selected Ground-Water Sites

Field-Measured Properties and Constituents

Major Ions and Indicators of Major Ions


Trace Elements

Bed Sediment



Selected References

Suggested Citation:

Neitzert, K.M., 2003, Water-quality characteristics and trends for selected sites in or near the Earth Resources Observation Systems (EROS) Data Center, South Dakota, 1973-2000: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 03-4280, 64 p.

This report is available online in Portable Document Format (PDF). If you do not have the Adobe Acrobat PDF Reader, it is available for free download from Adobe Systems Incorporated.

Download as follows: Report (PDF, 1.8MB) and Supplemental Tables (XLS, 1.2MB).

Document Accessibility: Adobe Systems Incorporated has information about PDFs and the visually impaired. This information provides tools to help make PDF files accessible. These tools convert Adobe PDF documents into HTML or ASCII text, which then can be read by a number of common screen-reading programs that synthesize text as audible speech. In addition, an accessible version of Acrobat Reader 5.0 for Windows (English only), which contains support for screen readers, is available. These tools and the accessible reader may be obtained free from Adobe at Adobe Access.

Send questions or comments about this report to the author, K.M. Neitzert (605) 352-4241 ext. 227.

For more information about USGS activities in South Dakota, visit the USGS South Dakota District home page.

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Last modified: Wednesday, December 07 2016, 01:21:33 PM
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