Appraisal of Hydrologic Information Needed in Anticipation of Lignite Mining in Lauderdale County, Tennessee

U.S. Geological Survey, Water-Resources Investigations Report 80-54

by William S. Parks

Table of Contents



Lignite in western Tennessee

Purpose and scope of this project

Location and size of project area

Population and land use

Availability of hydrologic information

Previous investigations

Topographic and geologic maps

Ground-water data

Well records

Geophysical logs

Water levels

Quality of water

Pumping tests

Surface-water data

Continuous-record gaging stations

Partial-record gaging stations

Low-flow and miscellaneous sites

Flood-prone area maps

Sediment data

Rainfall data

Description of hydrologic system

Geomorphic and geologic setting

Water use

Ground-water system

Mississippi alluvial deposits

Fluvial deposits

Jackson and Cockfield Formations

Memphis Sand

Surface-water system

Drainage to Mississippi River

Drainage to Hatchie River

Drainage to South Fork Forked Deer River

Impact of strip-mining on the hydrologic system

General considerations

Mining in Mississippi Alluvial Plain

Mining in Coastal Plain

Needs for hydrologic information and proposed data collection activities

Surface geologic maps

Ground-water information

Water-well inventory

Subsurface stratigraphy

Water-level trends and configurations

Aquifer characteristics

Ground-water quality

Surface-water information

Stream-flow characteristics

Surface-water quality

Rainfall-runoff relations

Plans to monitor strip-mining of lignite

Collection of mine-site data

Application of computer modeling techniques

Summary of plan to study hydrology

Selected references





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