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U.S. Geological Survey
Bulletin 2209
Version 1.0

Contributions to Industrial-Minerals Research

Edited by James D. Bliss, Phillip R. Moyle, and Keith R. Long


Contributions to Industrial-Minerals Research, an ongoing series of U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Bulletin chapters, presents research strategies, results, and updates of investigations of industrial minerals by USGS scientists and cooperators. Industrial minerals are defined as valuable nonmetallic, nonfuel geologic materials, generally rocks or minerals, used in a wide range of construction and industrial applications—for example, sand, gravel, and crushed rock used as aggregate for construction; limestone used for cement; phosphate for fertilizers and insecticides; and diatomite used for filtration, fillers, and abrasives. The term also comprises some processed materials, such as cement and metallic compounds with major utilization in nonmetallic forms. For example, titanium is commonly grouped with industrial minerals because more than 90 percent of it is sold and utilized in the form of the oxide (TiO2) rather than as Ti metal. Other metals and metallic compounds commonly grouped with industrial minerals include Mn, Cr, Fe oxides, and rare-earth elements (REEs).

This bulletin consists of several chapters; those that are available at this time are given below.

Download Chapter A: Preface—an Overview of Recent U.S. Geological Survey Research in Industrial Minerals By James D. Bliss, Phillip R. Moyle, and Keith R. Long (136-kB PDF file)

Download Chapter B: Regional Geologic Setting of Late Cenozoic Lacustrine Diatomite Deposits, Great Basin and Surrounding Region: Overview and Plans for Investigation By Alan R. Wallace (1.8-MB PDF file)

Download Chapter C: Hydrothermal Enrichment of Gallium in Zones of Advanced Argillic Alteration—Examples from the Paradise Peak and McDermitt Ore Deposits, Nevada By James J. Rytuba, David A. John, Andrea Foster, Steven D. Ludington, and Boris Kotlyar (1.3-MB PDF file)

Download Chapter D: With or Without Salt—a Comparison of Marine and Continental-Lacustrine Diatomite Deposits By Phillip R. Moyle and Thomas P. Dolley (296-kB PDF file)

Read Chapter E: History and Overview of the U.S. Diatomite Mining Industry, with Emphasis on the Western United States By Thomas P. Dolley and Phillip R. Moyle (links to a 408-kB PDF file)

Download Chapter F: Preliminary Bibliography of Lacustrine Diatomite Deposits in the Western United States and Related Topics By Karen S. Bolm, Alan R. Wallace, Phillip R. Moyle, James D. Bliss, and Greta J. Orris (links to a 1.2-MB PDF file)

Read Chapter G: Tentative Correlation Between CIPW Normin pl (Total Plagioclase) and Los Angeles Wear in Precambrian Midcontinental Granites -- Examples from Missouri and Oklahoma, with Applications and Limitations for Use By George H. Davis (links to a 976-kB PDF file)

Read Chapter H: Stratiform Barite Deposits in the Roberts Mountains Allochthon, Nevada: A Review of Potential Analogs in Modern Sea-Floor Environment By Randolph A. Koski and James R. Hein (links to a 4.9-MB PDF file)

Read Chapter I: Geology of a Middle Tertiary Clay Deposit in the Patagonia Mountains near Harshaw, Santa Cruz County, Southeastern Arizona By Brenda B. Houser (links to an 8.4-MB PDF file)

Read Chapter J: Issues and Challenges in the Application of Geostatistics and Spatial-Data Analysis to the Characterization of Sand-and-Gravel Resources By Daniel R. Hack (links to a 592-kB PDF file)

Read Chapter K: Progress in the Evaluation of Alkali-Aggregate Reaction in Concrete Construction in the Pacific Northwest, United States and Canada By Fred H. Shrimer (links to a 1.1-MB PDF file)

Read Chapter L: U.S. Industrial Garnet By James G. Evans and Phillip R. Moyle (links to a 16.8-MB PDF file)

Read Chapter M: Modeling Cape- and Ridge-Associated Marine Sand Deposits; A Focus on the U.S. Atlantic Continental Shelf By James D. Bliss, S. Jeffress Williams, and Karen S. Bolm (links to a 1.8-MB PDF file)

Read Chapter N: Mineral Resource Assessment of Marine Sand Resources in Cape- and Ridge-Associated Marine Sand Deposits in Three Tracts, New York and New Jersey, United States Atlantic Continental Shelf By James D. Bliss, S. Jeffress Williams, and Matthew A. Arsenault (links to a 12.6-MB PDF file)

For questions about the content of this report, contact James Bliss

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Maintained by: Michael Diggles
Created: October 1, 2002
Last modified: March 6, 2009 (mfd)