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Circular 1196-R

Flow studies for recycling metal commodities in the United States

Tungsten Recycling in the United States in 2000

By Kim B. Shedd

Thumbnail of front cover and link to report (1.77 MB)


This report, which is one of a series of reports on metals recycling, defines and quantifies the flow of tungsten-bearing materials in the United States from imports and stock releases through consumption and disposition in 2000, with particular emphasis on the recycling of industrial scrap (new scrap) and used products (old scrap). Because of tungsten’s many diverse uses, numerous types of scrap were available for recycling by a wide variety of processes. In 2000, an estimated 46 percent of U.S. tungsten supply was derived from scrap. The ratio of tungsten consumed from new scrap to that consumed from old scrap was estimated to be 20:80. Of all the tungsten in old scrap available for recycling, an estimated 66 percent was either consumed in the United States or exported to be recycled.

First posted February 2011
Version 2.0

Supersedes OFR 2005–1028
Version 1.0

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Suggested citation:
Shedd, K.B., 2011, Tungsten recycling in the United States in 2000, chap. R of Sibley, S.F., Flow studies for recycling metal commodities in the United States: U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1196–R, p. R1–R19, available at (Supersedes U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2005–1028.)

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