By USGS World Energy Assessment Team
U.S. Geological Survey Digital Data Series 60
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The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) World Petroleum Assessment 2000 provides estimates of the quantities of conventional oil, gas, and natural gas liquids outside the United States that have the potential to be added to reserves in the next 30 years (1995 to 2025). Excluding the U.S., the mean (expected) volumes of undiscovered resources are 649 billion barrels of oil (BBO), 4,669 trillion cubic feet of gas (TCFG), and 207 billion barrels of natural gas liquids (BBNGL). The estimated mean additions to reserves from discovered fields (potential reserve
growth) are 612 BBO, 3,305 TCFG, and 42 BBNGL (table ES-1, fig. ES-1). Table ES-1 also shows the uncertainty ranges of these estimates.
The potential additions to reserves from reserve growth are nearly as large as the estimated undiscovered resource volumes. These estimates imply that 75 percent of the world’s grown conventional oil endowment and 66 percent of the world’s grown conventional gas endowment have already been discovered in the areas assessed (exclusive of the U.S.). Additionally, for these areas, 20 percent of the world's grown conventional oil endowment and 7 percent of the world's grown conventional gas endowment had been produced as of the end of 1995 (fig. ES-1).
The USGS undertook this world petroleum assessment in order to provide impartial, scientifically based, societally relevant petroleum-resource information essential to the economic and strategic security of the United States.
This assessment is based on extensive geologic studies as opposed to statistical analysis. A team of more than 40 geoscientists and additional supporting staff conducted the study over a five-year period from 1995 to 2000. The petroleum assessed occurs in fields exceeding a stated minimum size, which varies between 1 and 20 million barrels of oil equivalent in different areas, and in accumulation categories judged to be viable in a 30-year forecast span.
The critical geologic controls on petroleum distribution
are encompassed by the Total Petroleum System (TPS) and were studied using
this approach. Assessment Units (AU), within the TPS, were the basic units
for assessment. Overall, 159 TPS and 270 AU were identified in 96 countries
and 2 jointly held areas. Of these, 149
For each AU, allocations of undiscovered resources were made to the countries, geologic provinces, regions, and offshore areas (if any) involved. From these allocated portions, aggregations of estimates were made for higher levels such as to countries, geologic provinces, and groups of countries including the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) and the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).
The United States was not reassessed in this study; estimates previously made by the USGS in 1995 and the Minerals Management Service in 1996 were used for comparative purposes.
Compared to the last USGS world petroleum assessment (Masters
and others, 1994, 1997), undiscovered volumes from this assessment (exclusive
of the U.S.) are 20 percent greater for oil, 14 percent smaller for gas,
and 130 percent greater for NGL. The large estimated volumes of oil, gas,
and NGL from reserve growth in this
The volume of undiscovered oil estimated in this assessment
is larger than that of the 1994 assessment, due in part to larger estimates
for the Middle East and Atlantic offshore portions of South America and
Africa. However, in some areas the estimated volumes of undiscovered oil
were smaller, particularly for Mexico
The volume of undiscovered gas estimated in this assessment
is smaller than that of the previous world assessment mainly because of
smaller estimates for arctic areas of the Former Soviet Union, some basins
in China, and the Alberta Basin of Canada. The volume of undiscovered NGL
estimated in this assessment is much
Areas assessed in the World Petroleum Assessment 2000 that contain the greatest volumes of undiscovered conventional oil include the Middle East, northeast Greenland Shelf, the West Siberian and Caspian areas of the Former Soviet Union, and the Niger and Congo delta areas of Africa. Significant new undiscovered oil resource potential was identified in a number of areas with no significant production history, such as northeast Greenland and offshore Suriname.
Areas that contain the greatest volumes of undiscovered conventional gas include the West Siberia Basin, Barents and Kara Seas shelves of the Former Soviet Union, the Middle East, and offshore Norwegian Sea. A number of areas were identified that may contain significant additional undiscovered gas resources where large discoveries have been made but remain undeveloped. Examples include East Siberia and the Northwest Shelf of Australia.
Results of USGS World Petroleum Assessment 2000 offer opportunities for many studies beyond the initial analyses in this report. The material generated by this effort can serve as a foundation for additional geologic, economic, geopolitical, and environmental studies.
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