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Fact Sheet 2007-3094

Avian Influenza Surveillance of Wild Birds

This report is available below as a 4-page PDF for viewing and printing.

The President's National Strategy for Pandemic Influenza directs federal agencies to expand the surveillance of United States domestic livestock and wildlife to ensure early warning of hightly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) in the U.S. The immediate concern is a potential introduction of HPAI H5N1 virus into the U.S. The presidential directive resulted in the U.S. Interagency Strategic Plan for Early Detection of H5N1 Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza in Wild Migratory Birds (referred to as the Wild Bird Surveillance Plan or the Plan).


HPAI Early Dection Database System---Hedds
U.S. Department of the Interior's Role
          Wild Bird Mortality Investigations
          Live Bird Surveillance
          Surveillance of Hunter-Harvested Birds
Federal Web Sites with Avian Influenza Information


Photo showing testing samples for avian influenza inside a biological safety cabinet.
Map showing the number of samples reported by state to the HPAI Early Detection Database System, April 2006-October 2007.
Photo showing U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service employees collecting a sample from a tundra swan in Alaska to test for avian influenza.
Photo showing Northern pintail ducks are one of the high-priority species specified in the Plan for avian influenza testing.
Map showing the potential pathways of avian influenza introduction from Asia to North America.
Diagram showing the global cycle of avian influenza viruses in animals.
Map showing migration flyways of the world.


Sampling strategy results from Interagency Wild Bird Surveillance Plan, April 2006-October 2007 (reported in HEDDS).

Download this report in PDF format: Fact Sheet 2007-3094

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Suggested citation:

U.S. Geological Survey, 2007, Avian influenza surveillance of wild birds: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2007-3094, 4 p.

Go to the USGS National Wildlife Health Center Home Page

6006 Schroeder Rd.
Madison, WI 53711-6223
Phone: (608) 270-2400
FAX: (608) 270-2415


For scientific questions or comments, please send inquires to Paul Slota (E-mail address:

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