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Robowell - Providing Accurate and Current Water-Level and Water-Quality Data in Real Time for Protecting Ground-Water Resources

Fact Sheet FS-053-02

By Gregory E. Granato and Kirk P. Smith

Accurate and current hydrologic data are necessary to protect the Nation's water-supply infrastructure because ground water is a limited and vulnerable resource. Robowell, an automated ground-water monitoring system, provides real-time data without incurring the high labor and laboratory costs associated with manual sampling. Using proven sampling methods, the Robowell system can monitor ground-water quality and water level in one or more wells at a monitoring site. This technology, if used with periodic manual sampling and appropriate calibration, provides the information necessary to detect abrupt changes, short-term variability, and seasonal and long-term trends in water quality and water levels. When Robowell detects these changes, it can quickly alert an operator. These capabilities make Robowell a steadfast sentry that can detect and report changes in water-quality or flow direction at contaminated sites, near potential sources of contaminants, or at public water-supply well fields.



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         PDF version (814 KB)--6 pages


The citation for this report, in USGS format, is as follows:


Granato, G.E., and Smith, K.P., 2002, Robowell--Providing Accurate and Current Water-Level and Water-Quality Data in Real Time for Protecting Ground-Water Resources: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet FS-053-02, 6 p.


For more information about Robowell and related programs, visit the following Web sites:


The Robowell web site at URL

The Technology Enterprise office web site at URL and the Toxic Substances Hydrology Program web site at URL


U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey
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Last modified: Tuesday, November 29 2016, 05:51:57 PM
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