Open-File Report 2000–0321
Activities and Preliminary Results of Nearshore Benthic Habitat Mapping in Southern California, 1998
The nearshore benthic habitat of the Santa Barbara coast and Channel Islands supports a diversity of marine life that are commercially, recreationally, and intrinsically valuable. Some of these resources are known to be endangered including a variety of rockfish and the White Abalone. State and National agencies have been mandated to preserve and enhance these resources and require detailed habitat characterization in order to do so. This project will characterize and map the benthic habitat in areas that have been selected because they have been set aside as National Sanctuaries or State Preserves, or are areas of ongoing or planned fish population studies.
Various management strategies are being developed to protect marine resources in the Santa Barbara Channel Islands Region. One approach under investigation is to implement no-take marine reserves (Agardy, T., 1997; Bohnsack, 1998; Roberts, 1997). One small reserve presently exists on Anacapa Island and there is a growing momentum to add additional reserves to form a reserve network (Lafferty et al., 2000). Reserves may provide relatively pristine marine communities in a wild state for study and appreciation. In addition, they may buffer some species from over-fishing. A key feature of marine reserve design is to protect a representation of the existing habitats in a region (Roberts, 1997). Unfortunately, the distribution of habitats is not well known in this area since the underwater equivalent of soils and vegetation maps that are widely available for terrestrial systems do not yet exist. Managers need habitat maps to help determine the most appropriate boundaries for reserves in a network in order to meet various criteria and goals (such as habitat representation, reserve size, habitat heterogeneity, reserve spacing, inclusion of sensitive habitats, etc.). Another use for habitat mapping is to better understand the distribution of those habitats that are particularly important to fished species or sensitive species. Combining habitat mapping with ongoing studies of egg and larval fish counts by the National Marine Fisheries Service (Russell Vetter), rockfish population studies by the California Department of Fish and Game (Dave VenTresca), and white abalone (Kevin Lafferty and others, USGS) will extend the ability to predict the distribution of these species and identify areas with appropriate habitat that might be suitable for restoration. Additional uses for habitat mapping include managing visitor use, kelp distribution, and archeological resources.
This report discusses geophysical data collected within the National Marine Sanctuary/National Park in 1998 on cruise B-1-98-SC of the USGS Western Region Coastal and Marine Geology Team.
The R/V Ballena, owned by the Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuary, was used for the geophysical surveying. Combined sidescan-sonar imaging (sidescan), seismic reflection profiling (profiling), and towed bottom camera work began on June 15, and ended June 26. Data were collected in nearshore waters, here defined as 0 to 100 meters in depth. The geophysical surveying done in this and future years will be combined with existing population studies, sediment sampling, ROV, submersible, and bottom video camera observations.
For more information, contact the PCMSC team.
Any use of trade, product, or firm names is for descriptive purposes only and does not imply endorsement by the U.S. Government.
Cochrane, Guy R., and Lafferty, Kevin D., 2000, Activities and Preliminary Results of Nearshore Benthic Habitat Mapping in Southern California, 1998: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 00-321, https://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2000/0321/.
U.S. Department of the Interior
U.S. Geological Survey