U.S. Geological Survey: Science for a Changing World and link to USGS Web site at http://www.usgs.gov/

U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 03-382
Online Version 1.0

Some Implications of Changing Patterns of Mineral Consumption

    This report examines patterns of consumption of aluminum, cement, copper, and salt in the twenty most populous countries for the period 1970 through 1995. Developed countries, such as France, Germany, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United States, show patterns of consumption that are stable (cement, copper, and salt) or grow slowly (aluminum). Some developing countries, including China, Thailand, and Turkey, show more rapid growth of consumption, especially of cement, copper, and aluminum. These changing patterns of mineral consumption in developing countries have important implications -- if they continue, there could be major increases in world mineral consumption and major increases in environmental residuals from mineral production and use. If China reaches the level of consumption of copper of developed countries, world consumption could reach levels more than twice that of 1995 (10.5 million tons).
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U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey
URL: http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2003/of03-382/index.html
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