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Coastal Vulnerability Assessment of Dry Tortugas National Park (DRTO) to Sea-Level Rise
USGS Open-File Report 2004-1416

Map of Coastal Vulnerability

Skip past contents informationTable of Contents link to Title Page Link to Abstract Page Link to Introduction Page Link to Data Ranking Page Link to Dry Tortugas National Park Page Link to Methology Page Link to Geologic Variables Page Link to Physical Process Variables Page Link to Calculating the Vulnerability Index Page Link to Results Page Link to Discussion Page Link to Conclusions Page Link to References Page


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Gornitz, V. and White, T.W. 1992, A coastal hazards database for the U.S. West Coast: ORNL/CDIAC-81, NDP-043C, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tenn.

Gornitz, V.M., Daniels, R.C., White, T.W., and Birdwell, K.R., 1994, The development of a coastal vulnerability assessment database; Vulnerability to sea-level rise in the U.S. southeast: Journal of Coastal Research, Special Issue No. 12, p. 327-338.

Hammar-Klose, E.S., and Thieler, E.R., 2001, Coastal vulnerability to sea-level rise; A preliminary database for the U.S. Atlantic, Pacific, and Gulf of Mexico Coasts: U.S. Geological Survey, Digital Data Series, DDS-68, CD-ROM. Online

Hubertz, J.M., Thompson, E.F., and Wang, H.V., 1996, Wave information studies of U.S. coastlines; Annotated bibliography on coastal and ocean data assimilation: WIS Report 36, U.S. Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station, Vicksburg, 31 p.

IPCC, 2002, Climate change 2001, the scientific basis; Contribution of working group I to the third assessment report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC): Geneva, Switzerland, 563 p. (Also available on the web at

Lidz, B.H., and Shinn, E.A., 1991, Paleoshorelines, reefs, and a rising sea, South Florida, USA: Journal of Coastal Research, v.1, no. 7, p 203-229.

Maul, G.A., and Martin, D.M., 1993, Sea level rise at Key West, Florida, 1846-1992; America's longest instrument record?: Geophysical Research Letters, v. 20, no. 18, p. 1955-1958.

National Research Council, 1990, Managing coastal erosion, Washington: National Academy Press, 163 p.

National Research Council, 1995, Beach nourishment and protection, Washington: National Academy Press, 334 p.

Pilkey, O.H., and Davis, T.W., 1987, An analysis of coastal recession models, North Carolina coast, in Nummedal, D., Pilkey, O.H., and Howard, J.D., eds., Sea-level Fluctuation and Coastal Evolution: SEPM (Society for Sedimentary Geology) Special Publications No. 41, Tulsa, Okla., p. 59-68.

Shaw, J., Taylor, R.B., Forbes, D.L., Ruz, M.H., and Solomon, S., 1998, Sensitivity of the Canadian coast to sea-level rise: Geological Survey of Canada Bulletin 505, 114 p.

Shinn, E.A., Hudson, J.H., Robbin, D.M., and Lidz, B., 1977, Topographic control and accumulation rate of some Holocene coral reefs, South Florida and Dry Tortugas: Proceedings, Third International Coral Reef Symposium, v. 2, p. 1-7.

Thieler, E.R., and Hammar-Klose, E.S., 1999, National assessment of coastal vulnerability to sea-level rise, U.S. Atlantic Coast: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 99-593, 1 sheet. Online

Thieler, E.R., and Hammar-Klose, E.S., 2000a, National assessment of coastal vulnerability to sea-level rise, U.S. Pacific Coast: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 00-178, 1 sheet. Online

Thieler, E.R., and Hammar-Klose, E.S., 2000b, National assessment of coastal vulnerability to sea-level rise, U.S. Gulf of Mexico Coast: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 00-179, 1 sheet. Online

Zervas, C., 2001, Sea level variations of the United States 1854-1999: NOAA Technical Report NOS CO-OPS 36, 201 p.

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