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Skip past contents informationTable of Contents Link to Title Page Link to Abstract Page Link to Introduction Page Link to Background of CPI Link to Data Ranking Page Link to the Great Lakes National Lakeshores Page Link to the Methology Page Link to Geology Variables Page Link to Physical Process Variables Page Link to Calculating the CPI Page Link to the Results Page Link to the Discussion Page Link to the Conclusions Page Link to the References Page

Coastal Change-Potential Assessment of Sleeping Bear Dunes, Indiana Dunes, and Apostle Islands National Lakeshores to Lake-Level Changes

Relative Coastal Vulnerability for the Great Lakes National Lakeshores.
Location map of Apostle Islands, Indiana Dunes, and Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshores. Click on figure for larger image.


Elizabeth A. Pendleton¹, E. Robert Thieler¹, and
S. Jeffress Williams¹

¹ USGS, Woods Hole Science Center, Woods Hole, Massachusetts 02543

U.S. Geological Survey
Open-File Report 2005-1249


For Additional Information:
See the National Park Unit Coastal Vulnerability study at,
the National Coastal Vulnerability study at,
or view the USGS online fact sheet for this project in PDF format at
Great Lakes National Lakeshores Web pages are at,,

Contact: Telephone: 508-548-8700

Rebecca Beavers
National Park Service
Natural Resource Program Center
Geologic Resources Division
P.O. Box 25287
Denver, CO 80225-0287
Telephone: 303-987-6945

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