ALLGSB_RESBSED_SEPT08.SHP: Processed continuous resistivity profile (CRP) data below the sediment water interface from Great South Bay on Long Island, New York, collected by the U.S. Geological Survey from Sept. 22 to Sept. 25, 2008

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Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: John F. Bratton
Originator: VeeAnn A. Cross
Publication_Date: 2012
Title:
ALLGSB_RESBSED_SEPT08.SHP: Processed continuous resistivity profile (CRP) data below the sediment water interface from Great South Bay on Long Island, New York, collected by the U.S. Geological Survey from Sept. 22 to Sept. 25, 2008
Edition: 1
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: vector digital data
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Open-File Report
Issue_Identification: 2011-1040
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center, Woods Hole, MA
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey, Coastal and Marine Geology Program
Online_Linkage:
<http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2011/1040/data/resistivity/shapefile/allgsb_resbsed_sept08.zip>
Online_Linkage: <http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2011/1040/html/catalog.html>
Larger_Work_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: V.A. Cross
Originator: J.F. Bratton
Originator: K.D. Kroeger
Originator: J. Crusius
Originator: C.R. Worley
Publication_Date: 2012
Title:
Continuous Resistivity Profiling Data from Great South Bay, Long Island, New York
Edition: 1
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Open-File Report
Issue_Identification: 2011-1040
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center, Woods Hole, MA
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey, Coastal and Marine Geology Program
Other_Citation_Details: 1 DVD
Online_Linkage: <http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2011/1040/>
Description:
Abstract:
An investigation of submarine aquifers adjacent to the Fire Island National Seashore and Long Island, New York, was conducted to assess the importance of submarine groundwater discharge (SGD) as a potential nonpoint source of nitrogen delivery to Great South Bay. More than 200 kilometers (km) of continuous resistivity profiling (CRP) data were collected to image the fresh-saline groundwater interface in sediments beneath the bay. In addition, groundwater sampling was performed at sites (1) along the northern shore of Great South Bay, particularly in Patchogue Bay, that were representative of the developed Long Island shoreline, and (2) at sites on and adjacent to Fire Island, a 50-km-long barrier island on the southern side of Great South Bay. Other field activities included sediment coring, stationary electrical resistivity profiling, and surveys of in-situ pore water conductivity. The onshore and offshore shallow hydrostratigraphy of the Great South Bay shorelines, particularly the presence and nature of submarine confining units, appears to exert primary control on the dimensions and chemistry of the submarine groundwater flow and discharge zones. Sediment coring has shown that the confining units commonly consist of drowned and buried peat layers likely deposited in salt marshes. Based on CRP data, low-salinity groundwater extends from 10 to 100 meters (m) offshore along much of the northern and southern shores of Great South Bay, especially off the mouths of tidal creeks, and beneath shallow flats to the north of Fire Island adjacent to modern salt marshes. Human modifications of much of the shoreline and nearshore areas along the northern shore of the bay, including filling of salt marshes, construction of bulkheads and piers, and dredging of navigation channels, has substantially altered the natural hydrogeology of the bay's shorelines by truncating confining units and increasing recharge near the shore in filled areas. Better understanding of the nature of SGD along developed and undeveloped shorelines of embayments such as this could lead to improved models and mitigation strategies for nutrient overenrichment of estuaries. For more information on the surveys involved in this project, see <http://woodshole.er.usgs.gov/operations/ia/public_ds_info.php?fa=2008-007-FA> and <http://woodshole.er.usgs.gov/operations/ia/public_ds_info.php?fa=2008-037-FA>.
Purpose:
The purpose of this dataset is to release in shapefile format all the processed continuous resistivity profile data that occurs at the sediment water interface or below collected in Great South Bay on Long Island, New York from Sept. 22 - Sept. 25, 2008. Additionally, the release of these data acts as a data archive.
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 20080922
Ending_Date: 20080925
Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: None planned
Spatial_Domain:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -73.212510
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -72.872322
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 40.750448
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 40.667651
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: General
Theme_Keyword: U.S. Geological Survey
Theme_Keyword: USGS
Theme_Keyword: Coastal and Marine Geology Program
Theme_Keyword: CMGP
Theme_Keyword: Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center
Theme_Keyword: WHCMSC
Theme_Keyword: Field Activity Number 2008-037-FA
Theme_Keyword: Info Bank ID T-37-08-LI
Theme_Keyword: navigation
Theme_Keyword: bathymetry
Theme_Keyword: Continuous Resistivity Profiling
Theme_Keyword: CRP
Theme_Keyword: Lowrance GPS
Theme_Keyword: AGI SuperSting
Theme_Keyword: processed data
Theme_Keyword: groundwater
Theme_Keyword: submarine groundwater
Theme_Keyword: point shapefile
Theme_Keyword: R/V Terrapin
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO 19115 Topic Category
Theme_Keyword: location
Theme_Keyword: oceans
Theme_Keyword: oceans and estuaries
Theme_Keyword: oceans and coastal
Theme_Keyword: geoscientificInformation
Theme_Keyword: elevation
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: General
Place_Keyword: North America
Place_Keyword: North Atlantic
Place_Keyword: United States
Place_Keyword: New York
Place_Keyword: Long Island
Place_Keyword: Great South Bay
Place_Keyword: Fire Island
Place_Keyword: Suffolk County
Access_Constraints: None.
Use_Constraints:
The public domain data from the U.S. Government are freely redistributable with proper metadata and source attribution. Please recognize the U.S. Geological Survey as the originator of the dataset.
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: VeeAnn A. Cross
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Position: Marine Geologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center
Address: 384 Woods Hole Rd.
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543-1598
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (508) 548-8700 x2251
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (508) 457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: vatnipp@usgs.gov
Browse_Graphic:
Browse_Graphic_File_Name:
<http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2011/1040/data/resistivity/shapefile/allgsb_resbsed_sept08.gif>
Browse_Graphic_File_Description:
Thumbnail GIF image showing the location of hte processed CRP data collected in Great South Bay in September of 2008. The coastline is included for spatial reference.
Browse_Graphic_File_Type: GIF
Native_Data_Set_Environment:
Microsoft Windows XP Version 5.1 (Build 2600) Service Pack 3; ESRI ArcCatalog 9.3.1.4000

Data_Quality_Information:
Logical_Consistency_Report: All of the processed CRP data were handled in the same way.
Completeness_Report:
This shapefile represents all the CRP data collected at this location from the sediment water interface and deeper.
Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy_Report:
The navigation system used was a Lowrance 480M with an LGC-2000 Global Positioning System (GPS) antenna. The antenna was located at the anchor point for the resistivity streamer, which is also directly above the fathometer transducer mount point. The GPS system is published to be accurate to within 10 meters.
Vertical_Positional_Accuracy:
Vertical_Positional_Accuracy_Report:
All collected bathymetry values were collected by the 200 kHz Lowrance fathometer. The fathometer was mounted starboard side aft, directly below the GPS antenna and the resistivity streamer tow point. The transducer was approximately 0.30 meters below the sea surface, and this draft was not corrected for. The Lowrance manufacturer indicates the speed of sound used by the system to convert to depths is 4800 feet/second. All values are assumed to be accurate to within 1 meter.
Lineage:
Source_Information:
Source_Contribution:
The continuous resistivity profile (CRP) system used on this cruise was an AGI SuperSting marine system described at the website: www.agiusa.com/marinesystem.shtml. Two different streamers were used for data collection - not simultaneously. One streamer was a 50-m streamer with an 11 electrode array with electrodes spaced 5 meters apart. The other streamer was a 15-m streamer with an 11 electrode array with electrodes spaced 1.5 meters apart. In both cases, the source electrodes are graphite, while the receiver electrodes are stainless steel. A dipole-dipole configuration was used for the data collection in which two fixed current electrodes are assigned with the measurement of voltage potential between electrode pairs in the remaining electrodes. The maximum depth below the water surface the streamer can reach is approximately the streamer length. So for the 50-m streamer, maximum depth is about 12.5 meters, while the 15 meter streamer can reach about 3.75 meters. Each line of data acquisition records several files. The two files necessary for processing are the *.stg and the *.gps file. The STG file contains the resistivity data, while the GPS file contains the navigation information. The navigation system used in concert with the CRP system is a Lowrance LMS-480M with an LGC-2000 GPS antenna and a 200 kHz fathometer transducer. The transducer also contains a temperature sensor. Lowrance indicates the speed of sound used by the system is 4800 feet/second. Both the temperature and depth information are recorded in the logged GPS file. The CRP system images the subsurface electrical properties of an estuarine, riverine or lacustrine environment. Resistivity differences can be attributed to subsurface geology (conductive vs less conductive layers) and hydrogeologic conditions with fresh water exhibiting high resistivity and saline conditions showing low resistivity.
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
A MATLAB script (justbelowsed.m) was run on the processed CRP files to generate files with just the resistivity values that fall below the sediment water interface, and an extrapolated value at the sediment water interface. Two files from the processed resistivity data are needed for this script: the XYZ output from the EarthImager processing which has distance along line (meters), depth of resistivity reading (meters), and resistivity value (ohm-m); and the DEP file that contains distance along line (meters) and water depth values (meters). Because some lines are short and don't require a "roll-along" processing technique, the XYZ information is contained in a file with the DAT extension. The MATLAB script combines the two data files (processed resistivity and depth files) such that the output is only the resistivity values that fall at or below the sediment water interface. This script was written by the USGS (VeeAnn A. Cross) in Woods Hole, MA. In order to have a resistivity value at the sediment water interface, the software usually has to interpolate resistivity values. The version of MATLAB used for these data was MATLAB 7.5.0.342 (R2007b). An example of the script usage in MATLAB is: justbelowsed('L10F1_lin_AllInvRes.xyz','L10F1_lin_wres.dep') The output is: L10F1_lin_AllInvRes_jbsed.xyz This resulting XYZ file has 5 columns of information: distance along line (meters); depth below water surface (meters); depth below sediment/water interface (meters); resistivity value (ohm-m); log(10) resistivity value. This process step and all subsequent process steps were performed by the same person - VeeAnn A. Cross.
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: *.xyz or *.dat
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: *.dep
Process_Date: 200904
Source_Produced_Citation_Abbreviation: *_jbsed.xyz
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: VeeAnn A. Cross
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Position: Marine Geologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center
Address: 384 Woods Hole Rd.
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543-1598
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (508) 548-8700 x2251
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (508) 457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: vatnipp@usgs.gov
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Using VACExtras v. 2.05 (extension written in VB6 by VeeAnn Cross at USGS, Woods Hole, MA) in ArcMap 9.2 the jbsed XYZ files which have distance along line were combined with the polyline tracklines to generate a new point shapefile with the jbsed values at correct locations spatially based on the distance along the trackline. The tool in VACExtras is Resistivity - convert resistivity to shapefile. By selecting a single polyline record and the associated XYZ file, individual point shapefiles are generated for each resistivity data file.
Process_Date: 200904
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Using ArcMap 9.2 - ArcToolbox - Data Management Tools - General - Merge, select all the individual shapefiles for the work generated in the previous process step, then output the merged results to allgsb_resbsed_may08.shp. Made no adjustments to the field mapping, all attributes were brought over to the shapefile.
Process_Date: 200904

Spatial_Data_Organization_Information:
Direct_Spatial_Reference_Method: Vector
Point_and_Vector_Object_Information:
SDTS_Terms_Description:
SDTS_Point_and_Vector_Object_Type: Entity point
Point_and_Vector_Object_Count: 581444

Spatial_Reference_Information:
Horizontal_Coordinate_System_Definition:
Geographic:
Latitude_Resolution: 0.000001
Longitude_Resolution: 0.000001
Geographic_Coordinate_Units: Decimal degrees
Geodetic_Model:
Horizontal_Datum_Name: D_WGS_1984
Ellipsoid_Name: WGS_1984
Semi-major_Axis: 6378137.000000
Denominator_of_Flattening_Ratio: 298.257224
Vertical_Coordinate_System_Definition:
Depth_System_Definition:
Depth_Datum_Name: Local surface
Depth_Resolution: 0.1
Depth_Distance_Units: meters
Depth_Encoding_Method: Explicit depth coordinate included with horizontal coordinates

Entity_and_Attribute_Information:
Detailed_Description:
Entity_Type:
Entity_Type_Label: allgsb_resbsed_sept08
Entity_Type_Definition: ESRI point shapefile
Entity_Type_Definition_Source: ESRI
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: FID
Attribute_Definition: Internal feature number.
Attribute_Definition_Source: ESRI
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain:
Sequential unique whole numbers that are automatically generated.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Shape
Attribute_Definition: Feature geometry.
Attribute_Definition_Source: ESRI
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: Coordinates defining the features.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Id
Attribute_Definition: An automatically generated numeric value.
Attribute_Definition_Source: VACExtras
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 0
Range_Domain_Maximum: 0
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: line
Attribute_Definition:
The alphanumeric name corresponding to the individual line of data collection that the point comes from.
Attribute_Definition_Source: U.S. Geological Survey
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: Character set.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: dist
Attribute_Definition:
Distance along the line in meters. Originally calculated by the AGI processing software.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Software calculated.
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 0.2
Range_Domain_Maximum: 1540.5
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: meters
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: longitude
Attribute_Definition: Longitude position of the point (decimal degrees, WGS84).
Attribute_Definition_Source:
U.S. Geological Survey - calculated by the script used to process the data.
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: -73.21251
Range_Domain_Maximum: -72.872322
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: decimal degrees
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: latitude
Attribute_Definition: Latitude position of the point (decimal degrees, WGS84).
Attribute_Definition_Source:
U.S. Geological Survey - calculated by the script used to process the data.
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 40.667651
Range_Domain_Maximum: 40.750448
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: decimal degrees
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: utmx
Attribute_Definition: Easting position of the point in meters (UTM, Zone 18, WGS84).
Attribute_Definition_Source:
U.S. Geological Survey - calculated by the script used to process the data.
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 650999.5
Range_Domain_Maximum: 679669.6
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: meters
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: utmy
Attribute_Definition: Northing position of the point in meters (UTM, Zone 18, WGS84).
Attribute_Definition_Source:
U.S. Geological Survey - calculated by the script used to process the data.
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 4503663.7
Range_Domain_Maximum: 4513002.7
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: meters
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: depth
Attribute_Definition:
Depth (meters) of the resistivity value below the water surface (not tide corrected - local surface).
Attribute_Definition_Source: Acquisition/processing software derived.
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: -3.7
Range_Domain_Maximum: -0.2
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: meters
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: dep_b_sed
Attribute_Definition:
Depth (meters) of the resistivity value below the sediment/water interface.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Processing software derived (MATLAB - justbelowsed.m).
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: -3.5
Range_Domain_Maximum: 0
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: meters
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: resvalue
Attribute_Definition: Resistivity value of the data point in ohm-m.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Processing software calculated (AGI EarthImager).
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: 0.104722
Range_Domain_Maximum: 133.632
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: ohm-m
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: reslogval
Attribute_Definition: Log(10) of the resistivity value.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Processing software calculated (MATLAB justbelowsed.m).
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Range_Domain:
Range_Domain_Minimum: -0.97996
Range_Domain_Maximum: 2.12591
Attribute_Units_of_Measure: Log(10) of ohm-m

Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: VeeAnn A. Cross
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Position: Marine Geologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center
Address: 384 Woods Hole Rd.
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543-1598
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (508) 548-8700 x2251
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (508) 457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: vatnipp@usgs.gov
Resource_Description: Downloadable Data
Distribution_Liability:
Neither the U.S. government, the Department of the Interior, nor the USGS, nor any of their employees, contractors, or subcontractors, make any warranty, express or implied, nor assume any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, nor represent that its use would not infringe on privately owned rights. The act of distribution shall not constitute any such warranty, and no responsibility is assumed by the USGS in the use of these data or related materials. Any use of trade, product, or firm names is for descriptive purposes only and does not imply endorsement by the U.S. Government.
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: WinZip
Format_Version_Number: 9.0
Format_Information_Content:
This WinZip file contains the point shapefile as well as the associated metadata files.
Transfer_Size: 14.7 MB
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
<http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2011/1040/data/resistivity/shapefile/allgsb_resbsed_sept08.zip>
Network_Resource_Name: <http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2011/1040/html/catalog.html>
Fees: None.
Technical_Prerequisites:
This WinZip file contains data available in ESRI point shapefile format. The user must have software capable of uncompressing the WinZip file and reading/displaying the shapefile.

Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20121116
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: VeeAnn A. Cross
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Position: Marine Geologist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center
Address: 384 Woods Hole Rd.
City: Woods Hole
State_or_Province: MA
Postal_Code: 02543-1598
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (508) 548-8700 x2251
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (508) 457-2310
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: vatnipp@usgs.gov
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
Metadata_Extensions:
Online_Linkage: <http://www.esri.com/metadata/esriprof80.html>
Profile_Name: ESRI Metadata Profile

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