Wildlife toxicity testing

Edited by: David J. HoffmanBarnett A. RattnerG. Allen Burton Jr., and John Cairns Jr.



Reports of anthropogenic environmental contaminants affecting free-ranging wildlife first began to accumulate during the Industrial Revolution of the 1850s. early reports included cases of arsenic and lead shot ingestion, and industrial smokestack emission toxicity. One early report described the death of fallow deer (Dama dama) due to arsenic emissions from a silver foundry in Germany in 1887, whereas another report described hydrogen sulfide fumes in the vicinity of a Texas oil field that resulted in a large die-off of both wild birds and mammals.Mortality in waterfowl and ring-necked pheasants (Phaisanus colchicus) due to the ingestion of spent lead shot was recognized at least as early as 1874 when lead-poisoned birds were reported in Texas and North Carolina.

Publication type Book chapter
Publication Subtype Book Chapter
Title Wildlife toxicity testing
Chapter 4
ISBN 0873715853
Year Published 1995
Language English
Publisher Lewis Publishers
Publisher location Boca Raton, FL
Contributing office(s) Patuxent Wildlife Research Center
Description 23 p.
Larger Work Type Book
Larger Work Subtype Monograph
Larger Work Title Handbook of ecotoxicology
First page 47
Last page 69
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