Biological control of ticks

OCLC: 60826959 PDF on file: 6325_Samish.pdf
By: , and 
Edited by: A.S. Bowman and P. Nuttall


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Ticks have numerous natural enemies, but only a few species have been evaluated as tick biocontrol agents (BCAs). Some laboratory results suggest that several bacteria are pathogenic to ticks, but their mode of action and their potential value as biocontrol agents remain to be determined. The most promising entomopathogenic fungi appear to be Metarhizium anisopliae and Beauveria bassiana, strains of which are already commercially available for the control of some pests. Development of effective formulations is critical for tick management. Entomopathogenic nematodes that are pathogenic to ticks can potentially control ticks, but improved formulations and selection of novel nematode strains are needed. Parasitoid wasps of the genus Ixodiphagus do not typically control ticks under natural conditions, but inundative releases show potential value. Most predators of ticks are generalists, with a limited potential for tick management (one possible exception is oxpeckers in Africa). Biological control is likely to play a substantial role in future IPM programmes for ticks because of the diversity of taxa that show high potential as tick BCAs. Considerable research is required to select appropriate strains, develop them as BCAs, establish their effectiveness, and devise production strategies to bring them to practical use.
Publication type Book chapter
Publication Subtype Book Chapter
Title Biological control of ticks
Year Published 2004
Language English
Publisher Cambridge University Press
Publisher location Cambridge, UK
Contributing office(s) Patuxent Wildlife Research Center
Description xi, 450
Larger Work Type Book
Larger Work Subtype Other Government Series
Larger Work Title Ticks: Biology, Disease & Control
First page S389
Last page S403
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