Enzyme activities in plasma, kidney, liver, and muscle of five avian species

Journal of Wildlife Diseases
By: , and 



Activities of alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), creatine phosphokinase (CPK), and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) were determined in plasma, kidney, liver, and muscle from five species of captive birds. Few differences occurred in plasma activities between sexes but considerable differences occurred between species. All five enzymes were detected in each of the tissues sampled. Relative enzyme activities in liver, kidney, and muscle were similar for each species. CPK activity was much higher in muscle than in liver or kidney and, of the five enzymes studied, may be the best indicator of muscle damage. Most of the other enzymes were more evenly distributed among the three tissues, and no organ-specific enzyme could be identified for liver or kidney. Because of interspecific variations in plasma enzyme activities, it is important to establish baseline values for each species to ensure accurate interpretation of results.
Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Enzyme activities in plasma, kidney, liver, and muscle of five avian species
Series title Journal of Wildlife Diseases
DOI 10.7589/0090-3558-21.1.33
Volume 21
Issue 1
Year Published 1985
Language English
Publisher Wildlife Disease Association
Contributing office(s) Patuxent Wildlife Research Center
Description 7 p.
First page 33
Last page 39
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