Winter mortality of common loons in Florida coastal waters

Journal of Wildlife Diseases
By: , and 



Diagnostic findings are presented for 434 common loons (Gavia imrner) found sick or dead on Florida beaches from 1970 through 1994, primarily during the months of December to April. The most commonly recognized problem was an emaciation syndrome (66%), followed by oiling (18%), aspergillosis (7%), trauma (5%) and miscellaneous disease entities (1%). The cause-of-death for 3% of the birds was not determined. Many of the carcasses examined (n = 173) were obtained during an epizootic which occurred from January to March of 1983 in which more than 13,000 loons were estimated to have died. An emaciation syndrome, characterized by severe atrophy of pectoral muscles, loss of body fat and hemorrhagic enteritis, was the primary finding in this epizootic. It was postulated to have a complex etiologic basis involving synergistic effects and energy costs of migration, molting and replacement of flight feathers, food resource changes, salt-loading, intestinal parasitism, environmental contaminants, and inclement weather.

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Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Winter mortality of common loons in Florida coastal waters
Series title Journal of Wildlife Diseases
DOI 10.7589/0090-3558-33.4.833
Volume 33
Issue 4
Year Published 1997
Language English
Publisher Wildlife Disease Association
Contributing office(s) National Wildlife Health Center, Patuxent Wildlife Research Center
Description 15 p.
First page 833
Last page 847
Country United States
State Florida
Online Only (Y/N) N
Additional Online Files (Y/N) N
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