In search of ancestral Kilauea volcano
Submersible observations and samples show that the lower south flank of Hawaii, offshore from Kilauea volcano and the active Hilina slump system, consists entirely of compositionally diverse volcaniclastic rocks; pillow lavas are confined to shallow slopes. Submarine-erupted basalt clasts have strongly variable alkalic and transitional basalt compositions (to 41% SiO2, 10.8% alkalies), contrasting with present-day Kilauea tholeiites. The volcaniclastic rocks provide a unique record of ancestral alkalic growth of an archetypal hotspot volcano, including transition to its tholeiitic shield stage, and associated slope-failure events.
|Publication Subtype||Journal Article|
|Title||In search of ancestral Kilauea volcano|
|Publisher||Geological Society of America|
|Other Geospatial||Hilina slump, Pacific Ocean|
|Google Analytic Metrics||Metrics page|