Effects of a coastal golf complex on water quality, periphyton, and seagrass

Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
By: , and 



The objective of this study was to provide baseline information on the effects of a golf course complex on water quality, colonized periphyton, and seagrass meadows in adjacent freshwater, near-coastal, and wetland areas. The chemical and biological impacts of the recreational facility, which uses reclaimed municipal wastewater for irrigation, were limited usually to near-field areas and decreased seaward during the 2-year study. Concentrations of chromium, copper, and organochlorine pesticides were below detection in surface water, whereas mercury, lead, arsenic, and atrazine commonly occurred at all locations. Only mercury and lead exceeded water quality criteria. Concentrations of nutrients and chlorophyll a were greater in fairway ponds and some adjacent coastal areas relative to reference locations and Florida estuaries. Periphyton ash free dry weight and pigment concentrations statistically differed but not between reference and non-reference coastal areas. Biomass of Thalassia testudinum (turtle grass) was approximately 43% less in a meadow located adjacent to the golf complex (P < 0.05). The results of the study suggest that the effects of coastal golf courses on water quality may be primarily localized and limited to peripheral near-coastal areas. However, this preliminary conclusion needs additional supporting data. ?? 2002 Elsevier Science (USA).

Study Area

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Effects of a coastal golf complex on water quality, periphyton, and seagrass
Series title Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
DOI 10.1006/eesa.2002.2219
Volume 53
Issue 1
Year Published 2002
Language English
Contributing office(s) National Wetlands Research Center, Wetland and Aquatic Research Center
Description 9 p.
Larger Work Type Article
Larger Work Subtype Journal Article
Larger Work Title Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
First page 154
Last page 162
Country United States
State Florida
City Gulf Breeze
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