Complete genome sequence of Fer-de-Lance Virus reveals a novel gene in reptilian Paramyxoviruses

Journal of Virology
By: , and 



The complete RNA genome sequence of the archetype reptilian paramyxovirus, Fer-de-Lance virus (FDLV), has been determined. The genome is 15,378 nucleotides in length and consists of seven nonoverlapping genes in the order 3??? N-U-P-M-F-HN-L 5???, coding for the nucleocapsid, unknown, phospho-, matrix, fusion, hemagglutinin-neuraminidase, and large polymerase proteins, respectively. The gene junctions contain highly conserved transcription start and stop signal sequences and tri-nucleotide intergenic regions similar to those of other Paramyxoviridae. The FDLV P gene expression strategy is like that of rubulaviruses, which express the accessory V protein from the primary transcript and edit a portion of the mRNA to encode P and I proteins. There is also an overlapping open reading frame potentially encoding a small basic protein in the P gene. The gene designated U (unknown), encodes a deduced protein of 19.4 kDa that has no counterpart in other paramyxoviruses and has no similarity with sequences in the National Center for Biotechnology Information database. Active transcription of the U gene in infected cells was demonstrated by Northern blot analysis, and bicistronic N-U mRNA was also evident. The genomes of two other snake paramyxovirus genotypes were also found to have U genes, with 11 to 16% nucleotide divergence from the FDLV U gene. Pairwise comparisons of amino acid identities and phylogenetic analyses of all deduced FDLV protein sequences with homologous sequences from other Paramyxoviridae indicate that FDLV represents a new genus within the subfamily Paramyxovirinae. We suggest the name Ferlavirus for the new genus, with FDLV as the type species.

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Complete genome sequence of Fer-de-Lance Virus reveals a novel gene in reptilian Paramyxoviruses
Series title Journal of Virology
DOI 10.1128/JVI.78.4.2045-2056.2004
Volume 78
Issue 4
Year Published 2004
Language English
Publisher American Society for Microbiology
Contributing office(s) Western Fisheries Research Center
Description 12 p.
First page 2045
Last page 2056
Online Only (Y/N) N
Additional Online Files (Y/N) N
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