Bison PRNP genotyping and potential association with Brucella spp. seroprevalence

Animal Genetics
By: , and 



The implication that host cellular prion protein (PrPC) may function as a cell surface receptor and/or portal protein for Brucella abortus in mice prompted an evaluation of nucleotide and amino acid variation within exon 3 of the prion protein gene (PRNP) for six US bison populations. A non-synonymous single nucleotide polymorphism (T50C), resulting in the predicted amino acid replacement M17T (Met ??? Thr), was identified in each population. To date, no variation (T50: Met) has been detected at the corresponding exon 3 nucleotide and/or amino acid position for domestic cattle. Notably, 80% (20 of 25) of the Yellowstone National Park bison possessing the C/C genotype were Brucella spp. seropositive, representing a significant (P = 0.021) association between seropositivity and the C/C genotypic class. Moreover, significant differences in the distribution of PRNP exon 3 alleles and genotypes were detected between Yellowstone National Park bison and three bison populations that were either founded from seronegative stock or previously subjected to test-and-slaughter management to eradicate brucellosis. Unlike domestic cattle, no indel polymorphisms were detected within the corresponding regions of the putative bison PRNP promoter, intron 1, octapeptide repeat region or 3???-untranslated region for any population examined. This study provides the first evidence of a potential association between nucleotide variation within PRNP exon 3 and the presence of Brucella spp. antibodies in bison, implicating PrPC in the natural resistance of bison to brucellosis infection. ?? 2005 International Society for Animal Genetics.

Study Area

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Bison PRNP genotyping and potential association with Brucella spp. seroprevalence
Series title Animal Genetics
DOI 10.1111/j.1365-2052.2005.01240.x
Volume 36
Issue 2
Year Published 2005
Language English
Publisher International Society for Animal Genetics
Contributing office(s) Northern Rocky Mountain Science Center
Description 7 p.
First page 104
Last page 110
Country United States
State Idaho, Montana, New Mexico, North Dakota, South Dakota, Utah, Wyoming
Other Geospatial Castle Rock, Grand Teton National Park, Henry Mountains, Theodore Roosevelt, Wind Cave National Park, Yellowstone National Park
Online Only (Y/N) N
Additional Online Files (Y/N) N
Google Analytic Metrics Metrics page
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