Polar bear maternal den habitat in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge, Alaska

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Polar bears (Ursus maritimus) give birth during mid-winter in dens of ice and snow. Denning polar bears subjected to human disturbances may abandon dens before their altricial young can survive the rigors of the Arctic winter. Because the Arctic coastal plain of Alaska is an area of high petroleum potential and contains existing and planned oil field developments, the distribution of polar bear dens on the plain is of interest to land managers. Therefore, as part of a study of denning habitats along the entire Arctic coast of Alaska, we examined high-resolution aerial photographs (n = 1655) of the 7994 km2 coastal plain included in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR) and mapped 3621 km of bank habitat suitable for denning by polar bears. Such habitats were distributed uniformly and comprised 0.29% (23.2 km2) of the coastal plain between the Canning River and the Canadian border. Ground-truth sampling suggested that we had correctly identified 91.5% of bank denning habitats on the ANWR coastal plain. Knowledge of the distribution of these habitats will help facilitate informed management of human activities and minimize disruption of polar bears in maternal dens.

Study Area

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Polar bear maternal den habitat in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge, Alaska
Series title Arctic
DOI 10.14430/arctic361
Volume 59
Issue 1
Year Published 2006
Language English
Publisher Arctic Institute of North America
Publisher location Calgary, AB
Contributing office(s) Alaska Science Center
Description 6 p.
First page 31
Last page 36
Country United States
State Alaska
Other Geospatial Arctic National Wildlife Refuge
Online Only (Y/N) N
Additional Online Files (Y/N) N
Google Analytic Metrics Metrics page
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