Scaling earthquake ground motions for performance-based assessment of buildings
The impact of alternate ground-motion scaling procedures on the distribution of displacement responses in simplified structural systems is investigated. Recommendations are provided for selecting and scaling ground motions for performance-based assessment of buildings. Four scaling methods are studied, namely, (1) geometric-mean scaling of pairs of ground motions, (2) spectrum matching of ground motions, (3) first-mode-period scaling to a target spectral acceleration, and (4) scaling of ground motions per the distribution of spectral demands. Data were developed by nonlinear response-history analysis of a large family of nonlinear single degree-of-freedom (SDOF) oscillators that could represent fixed-base and base-isolated structures. The advantages and disadvantages of each scaling method are discussed. The relationship between spectral shape and a ground-motion randomness parameter, ε, is presented. A scaling procedure that explicitly considers spectral shape is proposed.
|Publication Subtype||Journal Article|
|Title||Scaling earthquake ground motions for performance-based assessment of buildings|
|Series title||Journal of Structural Engineering|
|Publisher||American Society of Civil Engineers|
|Google Analytic Metrics||Metrics page|