Mining Engineering


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Zirconium is the 20th most abundant element in the Earth’s crust. It occurs in a variety of rock types and geologic environments but most often in igneous rocks in the form of zircon (ZrSiO4). Zircon is recovered as a coproduct of the mining and processing of heavy mineral sands for the titanium minerals ilmenite and rutile. The sands are formed by the weathering and erosion of rock containing zircon and titanium heavy minerals and their subsequent concentration in sedimentary systems, particularly in coastal environments. A small quantity of zirconium, less than 10 kt/a (11,000 stpy), compared with total world production of 1.4 Mt (1.5 million st) in 2012, was derived from the mineral baddeleyite (ZrO2), produced from a single source in Kovdor, Russia.
Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Zirconium
Series title Mining Engineering
Volume 2013
Issue July
Year Published 2013
Language English
Publisher SME
Contributing office(s) National Minerals Information Center
Description 2 p.
Larger Work Type Article
Larger Work Subtype Journal Article
Larger Work Title Mining Engineering
First page 101
Last page 102
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