Invasive hybridization in a threatened species is accelerated by climate change

Nature Climate Change
By: , and 



Climate change will decrease worldwide biodiversity through a number of potential pathways1, including invasive hybridization2 (cross-breeding between invasive and native species). How climate warming influences the spread of hybridization and loss of native genomes poses difficult ecological and evolutionary questions with little empirical information to guide conservation management decisions3. Here we combine long-term genetic monitoring data with high-resolution climate and stream temperature predictions to evaluate how recent climate warming has influenced the spatio-temporal spread of human-mediated hybridization between threatened native westslope cutthroat trout (Oncorhynchus clarkii lewisi) and non-native rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss), the world’s most widely introduced invasive fish4. Despite widespread release of millions of rainbow trout over the past century within the Flathead River system5, a large relatively pristine watershed in western North America, historical samples revealed that hybridization was prevalent only in one (source) population. During a subsequent 30-year period of accelerated warming, hybridization spread rapidly and was strongly linked to interactions between climatic drivers—precipitation and temperature—and distance to the source population. Specifically, decreases in spring precipitation and increases in summer stream temperature probably promoted upstream expansion of hybridization throughout the system. This study shows that rapid climate warming can exacerbate interactions between native and non-native species through invasive hybridization, which could spell genomic extinction for many species.

Study Area

Publication type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Title Invasive hybridization in a threatened species is accelerated by climate change
Series title Nature Climate Change
DOI 10.1038/nclimate2252
Volume 4
Year Published 2014
Language English
Publisher Nature Publishing Group
Contributing office(s) Northern Rocky Mountain Science Center
Description 5 p.
First page 620
Last page 624
Country Canada, United States
State Alberta, Idaho, Montana
Other Geospatial Flathead River system
Online Only (Y/N) N
Additional Online Files (Y/N) N
Google Analytic Metrics Metrics page
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